A guide for students and professionals, this introductory course book covers the basic principles of remote sensing and its applications in mine environment monitoring. Building from a reader’s basic knowledge of mine monitoring, it teaches how to implement remote sensing techniques and how to interpret the acquired data for different purposes. Following a general introduction to remote sensing principles and image analysis, mine subsidence monitoring, slope stability monitoring, reclamation planning and implementation, and post-closure mine and land use analysis are explained and illustrated. With the help of case studies, the techniques and tools presented are demonstrated. With an increasing importance of sustainable mining, this accurate text is intended for the education of university students in mining, civil, geological and environmental engineering. Researchers and professionals in these disciplines may find it beneficial as well to guide their professional monitoring investigations.
For one-semester courses in Introductory Remote Sensing as well as Introductory Airphoto Interpretation. This widely adopted book introduces the fundamentals of remote sensing from an earth resource (versus engineering) perspective. Emphasis is on turning remote sensing data into useful spatial biophysical or socio-economic information that can be used to make decisions.
Taking a detailed, non mathematical approach to two broad areas of principles and applications, this book progresses from the physical principles on which remote sensing is based - equipment, techniques and data analysis -through to the application of remote sensing to both physical phenomena and events, and to human activies and man-made landscapes.
This book describes the processes of radio propagation and analyzes the equations that enable estimation of media. It explores propagation processes and related phenomena including absorption, refraction, reflection, and scattering. It also analyzes how knowledge of radiowave properties allows accurate estimations of media via inverse problems. The text examines the empirical methods that interpret remote sensing data, and how they are applied in the creation of useful approximation models. The authors also describe the operational principles of microwave devices used in remote sensing, and provide insight into the stabilizing a priori information that greatly increases the accuracy of remote sensing solutions.
This volume contains a collection of refereed papers which were presented at the Specialist Meeting on Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment, 14--17 February 1994, Rome, Italy. The last decade has marked a period of steady advancement and new developments in the observation of the terrestrial environment by passive microwave sensors. Both ground-based and satellite-borne systems have improved their accuracy, stability and spatial resolution and are providing a wealth of quantitative data, which are increasingly being employed in application-oriented projects. The contributions in this volume cover different fields of applications of microwave radiometry, the various observation and retrieval techniques and the recent technological developments. The articles are divided into four sections: measurement of atmospheric water vapor and cloud liquid, measurement of rain, observation of the surface, and new radiometric systems.
The interaction of the solar and heat radiation with the atmosphere and surface is the subject of the book. It is useful also for wide circle scientists involved in environmental studies. The book contains the description of 17 computer studying programs supporting different topics of courses. It includes only the base ground for comprehension of key topics and provides the accomplishment of practical works with using specially elaborated computer programs. Themes of practical works reflect main sections of mentioned courses of lectures. The packet of computer programs is added for solution of direct and inverse problems. It promotes deep and reliable comprehension of corresponding topics by students. All described approaches and computer programs are valuable resources for solving radiative transfer problems and they could be used by students for courses and diploma studies concerned atmospheric optics.
Here is a review of the current potential of Earth Observations that devotes particular attention to the challenges posed by the European Seas. The assessment of surface parameters by means of passive techniques – which measure reflected visible and near-infrared sunlight, or surface emissions in the thermal infrared or microwave spectral regions – is addressed. Active techniques – which use transmitted impulses of visible or microwave radiation – are covered as well.
This volume continues presentation of the proceedings of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) held at Rabat, Morocco on the 17-19th of November 2005 entitled Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere for Environmental Security. Coverage includes a review of recent and upcoming experimental satellite measurements of the Earth’s atmosphere, characterisation of pollution in urban areas and the growing lack of water in many countries of the Mediterranean area, and more.
Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing: An Environmental Approach, Second Edition is a definitive guide to remote sensing systems that focuses on satellite-based remote sensing tools and methods for space-based Earth observation (EO). It presents the advantages of using remote sensing data for studying and monitoring the planet, and emphasizes concepts that make the best use of satellite data. The book begins with an introduction to the basic processes that ensure the acquisition of space-borne imagery and provides an overview of the main satellite observation systems. It then describes visual and digital image analysis, highlights various interpretation techniques, and outlines their applications to science and management. The latter part of the book covers the integration of remote sensing with GIS for environmental analysis. Based on the first English version published in 2010, this latest edition has been written to reflect a global audience, and factors in international debates and legal issues surrounding EO, as well as future developments and trends. New in the Second Edition: Includes additional illustrations now in full color Uses sample images acquired from different ecosystems at different spatial resolutions to illustrate different interpretation techniques Updates information on recent satellite missions (Landsat-8, Sentinel-2, hyperspectral and hyperspatial programs) Covers near-ground missions (including UAV) and ground sensors (spectro-radiometers, cameras, LIDAR, etc.) to support EO analysis Offers analysis of image spatial properties Presents material on visual analysis, time series analysis, and data fusion Provides examples of EO data that cover different environmental problems, with particular relevance to global observation Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing: An Environmental Approach, Second Edition details the tools that provide global, recurrent, and comprehensive views of the processes affecting the Earth and is a must-have for researchers, academics, students, and professionals involved in the field of environmental science.