Rio Grande Textiles celebrates the vibrant and distinctive art form present in the Spanish communities of New Mexico and southern Colorado since European importation of the loom to the Rio Grande Valley some 400 years ago. The region's weavers evolved the distinctive styles and patterns found in Saltillo and Vallero blankets, weft ikat, handspun cotton blankets, jerga floor coverings, and colcha embroidery.
Rio Grande pueblo societies took shape in the aftermath of significant turmoil and migration in the thirteenth century. In the centuries that followed, the size of Pueblo settlements, level of aggregation, degree of productive specialization, extent of interethnic exchange, and overall social harmony increased to unprecedented levels. Economists recognize scale, agglomeration, the division of labor, international trade, and control over violence as important determinants of socioeconomic development in the modern world. But is a development framework appropriate for understanding Rio Grande archaeology? What do we learn about contemporary Pueblo culture and its resiliency when Pueblo history is viewed through this lens? What does the exercise teach us about the determinants of economic growth more generally? The contributors in this volume argue that ideas from economics and complexity science, when suitably adapted, provide a compelling approach to the archaeological record. Contributors consider what we can learn about socioeconomic development through archaeology and explore how Pueblo culture and institutions supported improvements in the material conditions of life over time. They examine demographic patterns; the production and exchange of food, cotton textiles, pottery, and stone tools; and institutional structures reflected in village plans, rock art, and ritual artifacts that promoted peaceful exchange. They also document change through time in various economic measures and consider their implications for theories of socioeconomic development. The archaeological record of the Northern Rio Grande exhibits the hallmarks of economic development, but Pueblo economies were organized in radically different ways than modern industrialized and capitalist economies. This volume explores the patterns and determinants of economic development in pre-Hispanic Rio Grande Pueblo society, building a platform for more broadly informed research on this critical process.
William Randolph Hearst's collection of Navajo textiles is one of the most complete gatherings of nineteenth-century Navajo weaving in the world. Comprising dozens of Classic Period serapes, chief blankets, Germantown eyedazzlers, and turn-of-the-century rugs, the 185-piece collection was donated to the Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History in 1942 but for the next forty years was known only to a handful of scholars. Hearst began acquiring textiles from the Fred Harvey Company after viewing an exhibit of Indian artifacts. Over four decades he amassed a collection spanning more than a century of Navajo weaving and including nearly every major type produced from 1800 to 1920. Hearst's passion for American Indian artifacts was so strong that he had originally visualized his now-famous castle in San Simeon as a showplace for his Navajo textile collection. At a time when the Harvey Company was itself influencing the development of Indian handcrafts by opening up the tourist market, Hearst contributed to this influence by expressing his own artistic preference for rare and unusual pieces. This catalogue raisonnA(c), featuring nearly 200 illustrations, provides the general public with the first look at this important collection. Nancy Blomberg's narrative introduces the reader to the history of Navajo weaving and documents Hearst's role in its development. The heart of the book provides a detailed analysis of each textile: fibers, yarn types, dyes, and designs. Navajo Textiles thus constitutes an invaluable reference for scholars and collectors and will be enjoyed by anyone who appreciates these beautiful creations from the Navajo loom.
Textiles explores the cultural meaning and exquisite workmanship found in the Museum of International Folk Art’s vast collection that spans centuries and includes pieces from seventy countries around the world. Handcrafted work in beautiful, vivid colors typifies the clothing, hats, robes, bedding, and shoes that represent the lives and passions of the people who created and used them.
This is the story of the Trujillo weaving family of Chimayo, New Mexico, and the long history of a weaving tradition that begins with Spanish settlement in the region. Richly illustrated with examples of dynamic contemporary blankets, as well as some of the textiles and weavers who came before, the book chronicles how the craft evolved from a winter necessity into the celebrated art form that it is today.
Hardcover, 319 pages, 2,000 color and historic b & w illustrations; Featuring Navajo blankets & rugs, Pueblo textiles, Cherokee, Alaskan Native and other tribes, ca. 1850 to present. Dimensions (in inches): 11.50 x 1.00 x 8.75 Vol. 3 - American Indian Art Series. REVIEWS: ***** The Bible of Native Arts! Native Peoples Magazine The volume will for decades remain a primary resource. Dr. Bruce Bernstain, Smithsonian Institutiton, National Museum of the American Indian We applaud the efforts of Dr. Gregory Schaaf in his American Indian Art Series. Susan Pourian, The Indian Craft Shop, Department of Interior THE reference books for Indian art. Isa and Dick Diestler