Do revivals merely prepare converts for an enjoyment of “pie in the sky by and by”? Do advocates of “enthusiasm” in religion have no interest in the needs of their fellow men? Are evangelicals so heavenly minded that they have no sense of their social responsibility? Critics often answer “yes” to these questions. This book will not silence all such critics. But if they carefully consider what the author has to say, their conclusions will be greatly modified. The author clearly demonstrates that revivals in one period of English history – the eighteenth – did result in tremendous social improvement. He shows that converts won in the Wesleyan and Evangelical revivals were largely responsible for stopping the English slave trade and abolition of slavery throughout the Empire. They also took the lead in prison reform, emancipation of the insane, and enacting more human labor legislation. The spotlight centers most often on the efforts of Wesley, Wilberforce, and Shaftsebury, but lesser actors in the drama are not ignored. Dr. Cairns shows that the motivation of these great leaders to improve the society of which they were a part is found in their personal faith in God. And he issues a clarion call for twentieth century saints to take a lesson in social action from their eighteenth and nineteenth century forebears.
Unlike some other reproductions of classic texts (1) We have not used OCR(Optical Character Recognition), as this leads to bad quality books with introduced typos. (2) In books where there are images such as portraits, maps, sketches etc We have endeavoured to keep the quality of these images, so they represent accurately the original artefact. Although occasionally there may be certain imperfections with these old texts, we feel they deserve to be made available for future generations to enjoy.
While the idea that successful missions needed Indigenous revolts and missionary deaths seems counterintuitive, this book illustrates how it became a central logic of frontier colonization in Spanish North America. Missions Begin with Blood argues that martyrdom acted as a ceremony of possession that helped Jesuits understand violence, disease, and death as ways that God inevitably worked to advance Christendom. Whether petitioning superiors for support, preparing to extirpate Native “idolatries,” or protecting their conversions from critics, Jesuits found power in their persecution and victory in their victimization. This book correlates these tales of sacrifice to deep genealogies of redemptive death in Catholic discourse and explains how martyrological idioms worked to rationalize early modern colonialism. Specifically, missionaries invoked an agricultural metaphor that reconfigured suffering into seed that, when watered by sweat and blood, would one day bring a rich harvest of Indigenous Christianity.
"This "companion" is designed to introduce a range of materials deemed to constitute the culture (or, perhaps better, cultures) of medieval England, from approximately the Norman Conquest to roughly the Reformation. The fields presented here may offer a rather unusual fit with standard courses and disciplines, but the pressures on modern frameworks are intended. It is not unusual, however, for study of early periods to offer some combination of "literature," "history," "archaeology," "art history," or other field. Studies in antiquity and the Renaissance do this regularly; and medieval studies was from the outset defined in an equally capacious frame"--
This book explores the clash of civilizations between the secular government and Muslim traditions in West Africa, appraising the challenge of separating the administration of the state from the beliefs of the Islamic peoples of the region. It is useful for students of comparative religion.
1850-1931 (v. 1-40) include reports and papers of the Yorkshire Architectural and York Archaeological Society, and some years, of the Worcestershire Archaeological Society, of the Leicestershire Archaeological Society and of other similar societies.