Political Science

SIPRI Yearbook 1989

Author:

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 560

View: 586

What were the important developments in the military sector in 1988, and what effect did they have on peace and security? What progress was made in the attempts to control military activity and to reduce tension and the chances of war? In short, what are the prospects for a more stable international order? This twentieth edition of the SIPRI Yearbook presents detailed information on arms and arms control issues in a format that is both concise and standardized for ease of use. The Yearbooks attract world-wide attention and are used by governments, arms control negotiators, United Nations delegations, parliaments, scholars, students, the media and citizens as unique and indispensable reference works. The SIPRI Yearbook 1989 continues SIPRI`s review of the latest developments in nuclear weapons, nuclear explosions, world military expenditure, the international arms trade, chemical and biological weapons, the military use of outer space, ongoing armed conflicts and European arms control, and presents the unique annual calendar of military activities required by the Stockholm Document. Efforts to control the arms race - in nuclear, chemical, biological, conventional, and space weapons - are described, and the status of negotiations and agreements is analysed. In addition to these regular features and statistics, this latest SIPRI Yearbook contains special studies on the arms trade regulations of seven weapon-exporting countries, on ballistic missile proliferation in the Third World, and on the enhanced role of the United Nations in regional conflict resolution. Its comprehensive coverage makes it an invaluable sourcebook for anyone seeking authoritative, factual information on issues of armaments and disarmament and thus to anyone interested in strategic studies, war studies, peace studies and international relations.
Political Science

SIPRI Yearbook 2005

Author: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 853

View: 856

The 36th edition of the SIPRI Yearbook analyses developments in 2004 in o Security and conflicts o Military spending and armaments o Non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament The SIPRI Yearbook contains extensive annexes on the implementation of arms control and disarmament agreements and a chronology of events during the year in the area of security and arms control. Studies in this volume: Euro-Atlantic security Major armed conflicts Multilateral peace missions Governing the use of force under international auspices The greater Middle East Latin America and the Caribbean Environmental security Financing security in a global context Military expenditure Arms production International arms transfers Arms control and the non-proliferation process Nuclear arms control and non-proliferation Chemical and biological weapon developments and arms control Libya's renunciation of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons and longer-range missile programmes Conventional arms control International non-proliferation and disarmament assistance Multilateral export controls The Proliferation Security Initiative The annual accounts and analyses are extensively footnoted, providing a comprehensive bibliography in each subject area.
Medical

Control of Dual-threat Agents

Author: Erhard Geissler

Publisher: A Sipri Publications

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 265

View: 583

Dual-threat agents (DTAs) are those viruses, bacteria, fungi, and toxins which are not only natural enemies of living organisms but which can be deliberately used for hostile purposes as biological or toxin weapon agents. The development, production, and use of vaccines are the primary measures needed to prevent DTA-related diseases and intoxinations. However, the development and production of vaccines against DTAs are more or less restricted to military programs, and this frequently raises suspicions about possible offensive intentions. To counter such reservations, a proposal has been made to establish a Vaccines for Peace (VFP) program, an international program for the development and use of vaccines against DTAs, to be administered by the World Health Organization in close cooperation with the Program for Vaccine Development. This book provides a thorough and wide-ranging analysis of the VFP program. It contains contributions from a range of experts from fields as diverse as biotechnology, international law, and diplomacy.
Political Science

SIPRI Yearbook 2008

Author: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

Publisher: SIPRI Publication

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 604

View: 376

The 39th edition of edition of the SIPRI Yearbook analyses developments in 2007 in security and conflicts; military spending and armaments; non-proliferation; arms control; and disarmament. This major publication will also contain annexes on arms control and disarmament agreements, and a chronology of security and arms-control related events.
Political Science

SIPRI Yearbook 2007

Author: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 752

View: 803

The 38th edition of the SIPRI Yearbook analyzes developments in 2006 in o Security and conflicts o Military spending and armaments o Non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament The SIPRI Yearbook contains extensive annexes on the implementation of arms control and disarmament agreements and a chronology of events during the year in the area of security and arms control. The annual accounts and analyses are extensively footnoted, providing a comprehensive bibliography in each subject area.
Political Science

Nuclear Weapons

Author: United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs

Publisher: United Nations

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 153

View: 881

The present study represents the most comprehensive review of the relevant developments in this field over the past decade or so. It also covers recent events, which were unfolding while the Group of Experts was finalizing the text of the study. Thus, the study deals in its analyses with the documents adopted at the summit meetings of the Warsaw Treaty Organization and NATO held in, June and July 1990 respectively, which contain statements of political and military significance for the entire range of issues related to nuclear weapons and strategic doctrines.
Political Science

The Evolution of Biological Disarmament

Author: Senior Lecturer in Enternational Relations Nicholas A Sims

Publisher: Sipri Chemical & Biological Wa

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 203

View: 255

The evolution of the disarmament regime of the 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) is described from 1980, when the first BTWC Review Conference was held, until 1998. The author analyses the results of SIPRI's first four review Conferences.
Political Science

SIPRI Yearbook 1990

Author: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

Publisher: SIPRI Yearbook

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 752

View: 341

`If ever there was a Year of Europe, 1989 clearly was such a year ... It is for the end of the cold war more than any other important development that 1989 will be remembered ... However, political stability in the 1990s wil greatly depend on whether the North manages both to reconstructeconomies in Europe and rescue Third World economies from bankruptcy. It is no small agenda that is ahead of us.' Dr Walther Stutzle, SIPRI Director, in the introduction to the SIPRI Yearbook 1990. The SIPRI Yearbook 1990 continues SIPRI's review of the latest developments in nuclear weapons, nuclear explosions, world military expenditure, the international arms trade, chemical and biological weapons, the military use of outer space, ongoing armed conflicts, and European arms control, andpresents the unique annual calendar of military activities required by the Stockholm Document. Efforts to control the arms race - in nuclear, chemical, biological, conventional, and space weapons - are described, and the status of negotiations and agreements is analysed. The SIPRI Yearbook 1990 includes all the usual features, together with a number of new ones. It examines the relationship between debt, financial flows, and international security, and documents the 1980s as the `lost decade' in terms of welfare and growth in Third World countries. A new SIPRIdata base is introduced on the 100 largest arms-producing companies in the OECD countries and the Third World, and a new data set is presented on purchases of major weapon equipment in the 1980s for all the NATO and EC countries.
Political Science

The CSCE Security Regime Formation

Author: K. Hong

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 659

An analysis of the CSCE/OSCE process from the perspective of security regime formation and an evaluation of its contribution to European security. This book systematically examines the whole CSCE/OSCE process from a non-European perspective, bearing in mind the transferability of the OSCE to other regions. This book displays innovative research on security regimes by presenting an empirical case-study of the CSCE/OSCE.
Science

Building Global Security Through Cooperation

Author: Joseph Rotblat

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 474

1989 was by any standards an extraordinary year: the year in which the Cold War ended. However, although much has changed, much remains unresolved or not changed at all. Even though the rationale for the huge military forces has been removed from the East-West relationship, these forces still retain a tremendous potential to do harm. Moreover, threats to peace may grow along North-South and South-South axes. An example of such a threat is the rapid growth in size and sophistication of military arsenals in the South. The contributions to this volume make it clear that the problems of East and West, North and South are inter- twined. Security can be gained only through cooperation. The contributors, who come from widely differing geographical, cultural and political backgrounds, all share the Pugwash tradition of scientific objectivity.
Nuclear nonproliferation

The Future of NPT

Author: Savita Pande

Publisher: Lancer Publishers

ISBN:

Category: Nuclear nonproliferation

Page: 326

View: 689

Political Science

Security at Sea

Author: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

Publisher: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 301

View: 509

Since World War II, five navies are known to have acquired nuclear weapons; the activities of these forces continue to play a critical and often dangerous role in global strategic affairs. Offering the first serious appraisal of naval arms and their control in forty years, an international panel of experts here presents a broad and detailed assessment of the dangers of the naval arms race, and discusses problems with naval arms control, confidence-building measures, and verification technologies.

Sipri Yearbook 2015

Author: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 584

View: 674

The SIPRI Yearbook is known worldwide as an authoritative and independent source of data and analysis for politicians, diplomats, journalists, scholars, students and citizens on armaments, disarmament and international security. It provides an overview of developments in international security, weapons and technology, military expenditure, the arms trade and arms production, and armed conflicts, along with efforts to control conventional, nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. The first edition of the SIPRI Yearbook was released in 1969, with the aim of producing 'a factual and balanced account of a controversial subject-the arms race and attempts to stop it'. This 46th edition of the SIPRI Yearbook covers developments during 2014 including: DT Essays on the conflicts in Syria, Iraq and Ukraine, as well as studies on the relationship of gender equality to peace and armed conflict, and the diversity of peace and war in Africa DT East Asian and European security, as well as global and regional trends in peace operations, and development challenges in fragile states DT Military expenditure, arms production and international arms transfers DT World nuclear forces, with an overview of each of the nine nuclear-armed states DT Iran's nuclear programme and multilateral arms control and disarmament DT Implications of the Ebola outbreak and the challenge of addressing CBW issues in conflict zones DT The Arms Trade Treaty, multilateral arms embargoes and export control regimes as well as a 10-year overview of patterns of armed violence, a summary of the Global Peace Index, and extensive annexes on arms control and disarmament agreements, international security bodies and events in 2014.
Political Science

The Logic of Internationalism

Author: Kjell Goldmann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 207

Internationalism is the view that institution-building and peaceful cooperation will make peace and security prevail in a system of independent states. This book examines this controversial topic and discusses whether such a view is realistic or whether international relations are typically characterised by tension and war. Kjell Goldmann seeks to examine the plausibility of internationalism under present-day conditions. A theory of internationalism is outlined and is shown to have two dimensions: one coercive (to enforce the rules and decisions of international institutions) and one accommodative (to avoid confrontation by means of mutual understanding and compromise). Problematic features of the theory are then considered in detail: the assumption that all international cooperation tends to inhibit war, and the tension inherent in the joint pursuit of coercion and accommodation.
Political Science

Military Expenditure

Author: Saadet Deger

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 186

View: 438

The purpose of this book is to analyse world military expenditure at the end of the 1980s, and to discuss its political and economic implications. After a decade of unprecedented expansion of international military spending, its level is falling, though modestly. Political developments in Europe and the success of arms control negotiations raise hopes for further reductions. In addition, technological and economic structural disarmament is adding to the pressure for reductions. However, performance has not matched up to promises, and formidable obstacles to defence spending limitations still remain. Military Expenditure surveys recent events and describes the process of change that characterizes international military expenditure, and its determinants, at this time of transformation.
History

The Role and Control of Weapons in the 1990s

Author: Frank Barnaby

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 206

View: 487

This book, first published in 1992, examines defence issues as the twentieth century drew to a close. With the end of the Cold War, many of the threats to European security, such as the threat of nuclear war, disappeared. New ones, however, were emerging. The rise of nationalism, the spread of weapons of mass destruction to politically unstable countries, the increase in world population, the debt crisis – all these contributed to security problems that needed to be resolved. The book assesses the possibilities for future European defence and the role that the United States would play in it: will it be prepared to stay in Europe under European leadership, or must it dominate? It also considers the capabilities offered by new military technology and the need for control of weapons of mass destruction.
Business & Economics

Arms Trade and Economic Development

Author: Jurgen Brauer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 820

Countries that spend scarce resources to import arms from abroad often require arms sellers to 'reinvest' part or all of the proceeds back into the arms-importing country. These so-called 'arms trade offsets' are therefore thought to enhance domestic economic development. But does this process actually succeed? This book examines the theory and policy applications of arms trade offsets and looks at more than a dozen case studies drawn from across Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas. The chapters, based on original research and published here for the first time, are all written by leading experts. That an impressive, lucid and cohesive volume such as this will interest defence economists can be taken almost for granted. The book will also be a useful and enlightening read for those interested in international development economics, military studies and policy-makers across the globe.