Solid waste was already a problem long before water and air pollution issues attracted public attention. Historically the problem associated with solid waste can be dated back to prehistoric days. Due to the invention of new products, technologies and services the quantity and quality of the waste have changed over the years. Waste characteristics not only depend on income, culture and geography but also on a society's economy and, situations like disasters that affect that economy. There was tremendous industrial activity in Europe during the industrial revolution. The twentieth century is recognized as the American Century and the twenty-first century is recognized as the Asian Century in which everyone wants to earn ‘as much as possible’. After Asia the currently developing Africa could next take the center stage. With transitions in their economies many countries have also witnessed an explosion of waste quantities. Solid waste problems and approaches to tackling them vary from country to country. For example, while efforts are made to collect and dispose hospital waste through separate mechanisms in India it is burnt together with municipal solid waste in Sweden. While trans-boundary movement of waste has been addressed in numerous international agreements, it still reaches developing countries in many forms. While thousands of people depend on waste for their livelihood throughout the world, many others face problems due to poor waste management. In this context solid waste has not remained an issue to be tackled by the local urban bodies alone. It has become a subject of importance for engineers as well as doctors, psychologist, economists, and climate scientists and any others. There are huge changes in waste management in different parts of the world at different times in history. To address these issues, an effort has been made by the authors to combine their experience and bring together a new text book on the theory and practice of the subject covering the important relevant literature at the same time.
Motivation The other day I was waiting at the station for my train. Next to me a young lady was nonchalantly leaning against the wall. Suddenly, she took a cigarette pack out of her handbag, pulled out the last cigarette, put it between her lips, crushed the empty pack, threw it on the ground and hedonistically lit the cigarette. I thought to myself, "What a behavior?!". The nearest trashcan was just five meters away. So I bent down, took the crushed pack and gave it back to her, saying that she had lost it. She looked at me in a rather deranged way, but she said nothing and of waste to the trashcan. brought the piece Often people are not aware of the waste they produce. They get rid of it and that's it. As soon as the charming lady dropped the cigarette pack, the problem was solved for her. The pack was on the ground and it suddenly no longer belonged to her. It is taken for granted that somebody else will do the cleaning up. There is a saying that nature does not produce waste. For long as humans obtained the goods they needed from the ground where they lived, the waste that was produced could be handled by nature. This has drastically changed due to urbanization and waste produced by human activities has become a severe burden.
The book highlights the role of Civic bodies in the field of solid waste management in the Capital city of Delhi. It discusses that the future of the emerging urban society lies in management of wastes not in mere disposal. Salient Features It deals elaborately with the problem of solid wastes in Delhi. It highlights the difference between solid waste disposal and management. It extends valuable suggestions to take to management of wastes instead of their disposal so as to make Delhi environmentally a safer place to live in. Language of the book is simple, lucid and comprehensible. Detailed Bibliography containing Public Documents, recent books, journals, etc. will be useful for advanced research in the field. Comprehensive Index facilitates easy reference and accessibility to the scholars. The book will be useful for policy makers, administrators, research scholars and other stakeholders.
In a world where waste incinerators are not an option and landfills are at over capacity, cities are hard pressed to find a solution to the problem of what to do with their solid waste. Handbook of Solid Waste Management, 2/e offers a solution. This handbook offers an integrated approach to the planning, design, and management of economical and environmentally responsible solid waste disposal system. Let twenty industry and government experts provide you with the tools to design a solid waste management system capable of disposing of waste in a cost-efficient and environmentally responsible manner. Focusing on the six primary functions of an integrated system--source reduction, toxicity reduction, recycling and reuse, composting, waste- to-energy combustion, and landfilling--they explore each technology and examine its problems, costs, and legal and social ramifications.
Solid waste management issues, technologies and challenges are dynamic. More so, in developing and transitory nations in Asia. This book, written by Asian experts in solid waste management, explores the current situation in Asian countries including Pacific Islands. There are not many technical books of this kind, especially dedicated to this region of the world. The chapters form a comprehensive, coherent investigation in municipal solid waste (MSW) management, including, definitions used, generation, sustainable waste management system, legal framework and impacts on global warming. Several case studies from Asian nations are included to exemplify the real situation experienced. Discussions on MSW policy in these countries and their impacts on waste management and minimization (if any) are indeed an eye-opener. Undoubtedly, this book would be a pioneer in revealing the latest situation in the Asian region, which includes two of the world’s most dynamic nations in the economic growth. It is greatly envisaged to form an excellent source of reference in MSW management in Asia and Pacific Islands. This book will bridge the wide gap in available information between the developed and transitory/developing nations.
Publisher: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
Category: Technology & Engineering
Due to the rapid increase in the production and consumption processes, societies generate as well as reject solid materials regularly from various sectors. The primary goals of this book are to encourage reduction of waste at the source and to foster implementation of cost-effective integrated solid waste management systems.
Technology & Engineering by Asian Development Bank
Improving solid waste management is crucial for countering public health impacts of uncollected waste and environmental impacts of open dumping and burning. This practical reference guide introduces key concepts of integrated solid waste management and identifies crosscutting issues in the sector, derived mainly from field experience in the technical assistance project Mainstreaming Integrated Solid Waste Management in Asia. This guide contains over 40 practice briefs covering solid waste management planning, waste categories, waste containers and collection, waste processing and diversion, landfill development, landfill operations, and contract issues.
This publication looks at the use of technologies that are environmentally sound for managing municipal solid wastes in developing countries. It is designed as a sourcebook on solid waste management, covering a multitude of topics including the principles of solid waste management, processing and treatment, and final disposal. It also covers key non-technical aspects, and offers regional overviews on SWM.--Publisher's description.
"This volume presents a collection of papers which, with perspectives from Africa and the Caribbean, raise critical issues in the management of solid waste. It is intended to offer a basis for discussion among the wide range of disciplines and sectors involved in solid waste management and suggest directions for future work in the theoretical and practical dimensions of the challenge with which developing countries are confronted"--Back cover.
The Subject Of Waste Management Has Been Grown To The Status Of Maturity In All Developed Countries. Every Year, New Techniques Are Being Developed To Recover The Energy And Recycle The Materials. The Nations Like Usa, Australia, Norway And Western Europe Are Handling Their Solid Wastes In A Scientific And Hygienic Way. However, In Most Of The Developing World, Of Africa, Asia And Eastern European Nations, The Collection, Transportation And Disposal Of Solid Waste Is Still At Its Lowest Ebb. In Usa, Though The Technology For Handling Of The Solid Waste Is Available, The Wastes Are Mostly Managed By Land Filling (70%) And Incineration With Or Without Energy Recovery. It Means A Major Share Of The Source Is Wasted. Only 30-31% Of The Waste Materials Are Recovered.In Contrast To This, In Developing Countries Like India 60-70% Of The Materials Are Recovered And Reused Mostly By The Informal Sector Without Application Of Any Art Of Technology. There Is No National Level Data Are Available On Solid Waste Management In Those Countries. Often The Waste Is Open Burnt Or Land Filled In The Low-Lying Areas. The Unscientific Way Of Waste Management Pose The Risk Of Diseases To Humans And Also Degrade The Environment. The Toxic Smoke Containing, Furans And Dioxins Are Released After The Burning Of Trash, Leading To The Rise In Carcinogenic Trace Gases In The Atmosphere.In The Present Context, The Us Is Conveniently Taken As A Representative Of Developed World And India Representing Developing Countries And The Book Is Designed Into 6-7 Chapters. Chapter 1 Deals With The General Aspects And Basic Principles Of Solid Waste Management. Chapter 2 Deals With The Solid Waste Management In Usa And Solid Waste Management In India Is Dealt In Chapter 3 Respectively. Details About Plastic Waste Management In Us, India And Rest Of The World Are Explained In Chapter 4. Management Of Biomedical Waste Is Collated And Provided In Chapter 5 And Chapter 6 Deals With The Hazardous Waste Management.The Subject Of Solid Waste Management And Urban Agriculture Is Provided In Chapter 7 And The Chapter 8 Narrates The Comparative Aspects Of Waste Management In Us And India. It Is Observed That A Good Number Of Books Are Available On The Technologies And Principles Of Waste Treatment, However Meager Titles Exist On Waste Management. Hence Book Is An Appropriate Attempt To Fill The Lacunae. This Book Will Be Useful To Undergraduate And Graduate Students, Environmental Managers And The General Public As Well.
The collection, transportation and subsequent processing of waste materials is a vast field of study which incorporates technical, social, legal, economic, environmental and regulatory issues. Common waste management practices include landfilling, biological treatment, incineration, and recycling – all boasting advantages and disadvantages. Waste management has changed significantly over the past ten years, with an increased focus on integrated waste management and life-cycle assessment (LCA), with the aim of reducing the reliance on landfill with its obvious environmental concerns in favour of greener solutions. With contributions from more than seventy internationally known experts presented in two volumes and backed by the International Waste Working Group and the International Solid Waste Association, detailed chapters cover: Waste Generation and Characterization Life Cycle Assessment of Waste Management Systems Waste Minimization Material Recycling Waste Collection Mechanical Treatment and Separation Thermal Treatment Biological Treatment Landfilling Special and Hazardous Waste Solid Waste Technology & Management is a balanced and detailed account of all aspects of municipal solid waste management, treatment and disposal, covering both engineering and management aspects with an overarching emphasis on the life-cycle approach.
There is no subject in the world more vital to the future and sustainability of the planet earth for future generations than that of Waste Management and all that encompasses. Animals produce organic waste only. Human beings, in their ignorance and lack of foresight, have now created so much inorganic waste that the whole planet is suffering from pollution in the air, in the rivers and oceans of the world as well as on the land masses. This book deals intensively with every aspect of Organic and Inorganic Waste Management and explains how each type of waste must be correctly dealt with if mankind is to decrease the outbreak of disease, thereby ensuring that all inhabitants of the planet earth have a healthy future. The book also emphasizes the responsibility and steps that each individual must take in every country of the world if we are to return the mother earth to her former glory in the 21st century.
This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. This compendium volume contains the most current technical and economic analyses of emerging waste disposal strategies. The editor, a well-respected researcher in this field, has selected articles that will be valuable to readers who range from engineers and academics to decision-makers in both the public and private sectors. Several international case studies give practical applications and examples of the various technologies and approaches. A final section discusses policy planning for the future.
Solid and Hazardous Waste Management: Science and Engineering presents the latest on the rapid increase in volume and types of solid and hazardous wastes that have resulted from economic growth, urbanization, and industrialization and how they have challenged national and local governments to ensure effective and sustainable management of these waste products. The book offers universal coverage of the technologies used for the management and disposal of waste products, such as plastic waste, bio-medical wastes, hazardous wastes, and e-wastes. Covers both traditional and new technologies for Identifying and categorizing the source and nature of the waste Provides methods for the safe disposal of municipal solid wastes, plastic waste, bio-medical wastes, hazardous wastes, and e-wastes Presents technologies that can be used for transportation and processing (including resource recovery) of the waste Discusses reclamation, reuse, and recovery of energy from MSW
This book is for practising professionals and academics working in urban planning and international development: international project staff, trainers, urban development researchers and teaching staff in universities and polytechnics. Solid Waste Management and Recycling is unique in that it: -utilizes an 'integrated solid waste management perspective' in its analysis; -provides embedded case study data; -deals with both formal and informal actors and institutional arrangements in solid waste management and recycling; -has chapters written by experts from the countries concerned (Kenya and India); -can be used in graduate-level courses in urban development, urban management and planning, and technical engineering courses for students, project staff, and technical students.
This book contains detailed and structured approaches to tackling practical decision-making troubles using economic consideration and analytical methods in Municipal solid waste (MSW) management. Among all other types of environmental burdens, MSW management is still a mammoth task, and the worst part is that a suitable technique to curb the situation in developing countries has still not emerged. Municipal Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries will help fill this information gap based on information provided by field professionals. This information will be helpful to improve and manage solid waste systems through the application of modern management techniques. It covers all the fundamental concepts of MSWM; the various component systems, such as collection, transportation, processing, and disposal; and their integration. This book also discusses various component technologies available for the treatment, processing, and disposal of MSW. Written in view of actual scenarios in developing countries, it provides knowledge to develop solutions for prolonged problems in these nations. It is mainly for undergraduate and postgraduate students, research scholars, professionals, and policy makers.