South Fayette Township was created in 1842. Located 12 miles southwest of Pittsburgh, what is today known as “Pittsburgh’s Best-Kept Secret” includes the populations of seven community zip codes. Originally, mining was the township’s primary industry, as it is located on some of the richest bituminous coal reserves in the state. Thousands of barrels of oil used to be produced daily. Cemeteries contain memorials to Revolutionary and Civil War veterans as well as the two world wars. The legendary Mike Fink (of Disney World fame) was born here in Sturgeon. Some agricultural farms and horse/riding facilities still dot the hilly countryside among the many new housing developments. The township has a great soccer history and an ever-expanding excellent school district, one of seven in Allegheny County named among America’s most challenging schools by the Washington Post. Today, South Fayette Township maintains a rural feel with a motto of “A great place to live, work and play.”
American Revolution Bicentennial, 1776-1976 by American Revolution Bicentennial Administration
Author: Paul E. Eckman and Karen Hechler and the Connellsville Area Historical Society
Publisher: Arcadia Publishing
Connellsville became the first city in Fayette County when it merged with New Haven in 1909. Connellsville's growth was shaped by the Youghiogheny River, coal mining, and coke production, which fueled the nation's steel industry for nearly 100 years. Known as the "coke capital of the world," Connellsville became an early manufacturing, commercial, and transportation center, attracting a diverse ethnic population. Around Connellsville celebrates this heritage with images of coke ovens, coal patches, railroads, streetcars, and "Brimstone Corner." It follows South Pittsburgh Street to Anchor Hocking and the beach, cheers ball teams at Fayette Field in the north end, and admires St. Rita's grotto on the west side. Although recent economic growth shifted from the town center to nearby highways, Connellsville remains the preeminent gateway to the Laurel Highlands Recreational Area, which includes world-class resorts, state parks, historical sites, and the singular beauty of Frank Lloyd Wright's Fallingwater.
Prior to the Great Depression, coal mines and coke ovens made Scottdale the wealthiest community in Westmoreland County. Once part of a region that was known as the world's largest producer of metallurgical coke, the area's prosperity created a thriving business district on the road to Pittsburgh, lined Chestnut Street with elegant Victorian mansions, and provided a home for a baseball farm team affiliated with the St. Louis Cardinals. Immigrants from Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean joined earlier Scotch Irish and German settlers to create a rich cultural heritage. Around Scottdale and Everson celebrates this ethnic diversity. Pictured within are views of early homesteads, coke ovens, mills, and places where residents lived, shopped, worshiped, and played, including Lake Forest Park and the YMCA. Although recent economic growth shifted to nearby interstate highways, Scottdale and Everson occupy a strategic gateway to the Laurel Highlands, which promises to attract new immigrants preferring to live near open spaces and in neighborhoods without strangers.