History

Operation Chariot

Author: Jean-Charles Stasi

Publisher: Casemate

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 384

At the beginning of 1942, the Tirpitz, the heaviest battleship ever built by a European navy and sister ship of the Bismarck, was on the cusp of breaking out into the north Atlantic. The prospect of the huge German battleship patrolling the Atlantic posed a huge threat to the convoys that were the lifeline for an embattled Britain. Determined efforts were made to damage the ship through bombing raids: these failed. An altogether more daring and radical plan was conceived: destroy the dry-dock facility at St Nazaire on the French Atlantic coast, and without the use of the only suitable base for the ship, the threat would be neutralized. The plan was to ram the entrance gates with a ship packed with explosives on a delayed fuse to give the men on board time to take shelter before the ship exploded. A motor boat armed with torpedos would fire at the inner gate causing further damage to submarine pens. The troops and crew would then destroy as many dockyard targets as they could and withdraw in fast motor launches which had followed them in. All this was to be achieved under cover of an air raid. HMS Campbeltown, a US lend-lease destroyer was chosen for the task. On the night of 27th March the raid commenced; heavy shelling killed or wounded over half of the motor boat crews in the approach but the Campbeltown succeeded in lodging its bows in the outer gates. On shore fighting was ferocious and close-quartered. The delayed action fuses detonated the high explosives in the Campbeltown's hold at noon on the 28th, killing over 400 German officers and men. The dock gates were destroyed and were not repaired until after the war. The cost to the Allies was high, of the 241 Commandos who took part, 168 were either killed or captured. But the Tirpitz was never able to leave Norwegian waters: the raid was an overwhelming success. This volume in the Casemate Illustrated series gives a clear overview of the planning and execution of the raid and its aftermath, accompanied by 125 photographs and images, including color profiles and maps.
History

Saint-Nazaire

Author: James Dorrian

Publisher: Casemate Publishers

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 389

In early 1942, shipping losses in the Atlantic threatened Britain's very survival. In addition to the U-Boat menace, there was real concern that the mighty German battleship Tirpitz be unleashed against the vital Allied convoys. Yet only the 'Normandie' Dock at St Nazaire could take her vast size in the event of repairs being required. Destroy that and the Tirpitz would be neutralized.Thus was born Operation CHARIOT, the daring Commando raid that, while ultimately successful, proved hugely costly. Using personal accounts, James Dorrian describes the background and thrilling action that resulted in the award of five Victoria Crosses.In a dramatic final twist of events, once the battle was over, the converted former US warship Campelton blew up wrecking the dock gates and killing many Germans who thought the battle was won.
History

Operation Chariot

Author: Jon Cooksey

Publisher: Casemate Publishers

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 306

By March 1942, mainland France had been under German occupation for almost two years. Every month that passed saw Germany bolster her defenses against an expected allied invasion. Every month that passed saw Germany tighten her grip on Britain's transatlantic lifeline; menacing allied shipping from the French west coast ports. At St Nazaire on the Loire estuary, the vast Normandie dry dock was the only one capable of holding the mighty battleship Tirpitz, still at large and free to hunt allied ships. Something had to be done. Operation Chariot was conceived; an audacious plan to mount a large-scale commando raid on the Normandie dock using a loaned US destroyer packed with high explosive as a battering ram. For the Germans at St Nazaire the invasion came earlier than expected. In the dead of night British commandos were landed and swarmed over the quaysides to destroy key installations. Grit, determination and training carried them forward to accomplish their mission at a heavy price in dead, wounded and captured. The award of more than eighty decorations for the raid - including five VCs - bore witness to the ferocity of the struggle to strike at the Germans in France.
History

Saint-Nazaire

Author: James Dorrian

Publisher: Casemate Publishers

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 944

In early 1942, shipping losses in the Atlantic threatened Britain's very survival. In addition to the U-Boat menace, there was real concern that the mighty German battleship Tirpitz be unleashed against the vital Allied convoys. Yet only the 'Normandie' Dock at St Nazaire could take her vast size in the event of repairs being required. Destroy that and the Tirpitz would be neutralized.Thus was born Operation CHARIOT, the daring Commando raid that, while ultimately successful, proved hugely costly. Using personal accounts, James Dorrian describes the background and thrilling action that resulted in the award of five Victoria Crosses.In a dramatic final twist of events, once the battle was over, the converted former US warship Campelton blew up wrecking the dock gates and killing many Germans who thought the battle was won.
History

St Nazaire 1942

Author: Ken Ford

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 96

View: 114

The raid on the port of St Nazaire in March 1942 by a sea-borne task force from British Combined Operations remains one of the most daring actions of World War II. The port lies at the mouth of the River Loire and in 1942, as well as a U-Boat base, contained the massive 'Normandie' dock, the only facility on the Atlantic coast large enough to accommodate the German pocket battleship Tirpitz. This book tells the story of the raid on St Nazaire that denied the use of the dock to the Tirpitz, the sister ship of the Bismarck, and constituted a crucial victory in the Battle of the Atlantic.
History

Winged Chariot

Author: Peter Lush

Publisher: Casemate Publishers

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 623

In what has been described as ‘the greatest raid of them all’, Operation Chariot saw heavy destruction of the enemy-occupied port of St Nazaire by British forces. Winged Chariot examines the role that the RAF played during this epic raid on 28th March 1942. With focus on the planning and actions of the operation, Peter Lush explores the three functions carried out by the RAF; the sweeping of the Bay of Biscay, the diversionary raid and protecting the withdrawing survivors. He also outlines the importance of the Photographic Reconnaissance Unit to the raid and the development of the Bomber and Coastal Commands particularly through the sorties flown by Coastal Command two days before the attack started. The book also highlights the tragedy that occurred for the RAF, when diversionary raids were carried out in impossible conditions; resulting in the loss of aircraft across Yorkshire and in the Channel. Lush examines whether this could have been prevented if the RAF had not been marginalized during the planning process of Operation Chariot. With the 75th anniversary of the operation in 2017, this timely and ultimate account written by an expert who has collated over forty years worth of research is an essential work for all those interested in military aviation, particularly during the Second World War.
History

Storming St. Nazaire

Author: James Dorrian

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 347

The St. Nazaire raid has not been covered in the detail warranted by its role in the evolution of special warfare tactics. James Dorrian has drawn on interviews with over 100 survivors, both British and German, to present this remarkable account. All aspects of the engagement are covered, including the final ironic incident that resulted in more German casualties than the main battle itself.
Saint Nazaire Raid, 1942

The Greatest Raid of All

Author: Cecil Ernest Lucas Phillips

Publisher: Pan Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Saint Nazaire Raid, 1942

Page: 283

View: 665

'A deed of glory intimately involved in high strategy' - Winston Churchill St Nazaire, 1.34am March 28th, 1942 - the destroyer HMS Campbeltown , with her Oerlikons blazing at the enemy guns only a few yards away, crashed with terrific force into one of the enormous lock gates of the Normandie Dock. Operation Chariot had reached its climax. Its object was to destroy the essential gear of the largest dock in the world, so that it could not be used by German battleships, and it was brilliantly successful in its main purpose. The story of the assault, under a storm of enemy fire at point-blank range which set the sea itself on fire, and of the heroism of the men in the 'little ships' raid, carried out by Royal Navy forces - no fewer than five VC's were awarded - is one of the most thrilling and vivid to come out of any war. 'Exciting and moving account of a great epic' Observer
History

Into the Jaws of Death

Author: Robert Lyman

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 922

On the night of 28 March 1942 the Royal Navy and British commandos assaulted the German-held French Atlantic port of Saint-Nazaire in one of the most audacious raids of the Second World War. Their plan was simple: to drive an old destroyer packed with three tons of explosive at full speed into the outer gate of the Normandie dock. Destroying this would deny the formidable Tirpitz battleship, currently lurking menacingly in the Norwegian fjords, a base from which it could inflict devastation upon the convoys supplying Britain from the United States. 'Operation Chariot' was dramatically successful, but at a great cost. Fewer than half the men who went on the mission returned. In recognition of their extraordinary bravery, eighty-nine decorations were awarded, including five Victoria Crosses. Into the Jaws of Death is a gripping story of high daring that demonstrates how the decisive courage of a small group of men changed the course of the war.
History

The Dieppe Raid

Author: Robin Neillands

Publisher: White Lion Publishing

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 663

The Dieppe Raid is one of World War II's most controversial episodes. In 1942, a full two years before D-Day, thousands of men, mostly Canadian troops eager for their first taste of battle, were sent across the Channel in a raid on the French port town of Dieppe. Air supremacy was not secured; the topography - a town hemmed in by tall cliffs and reached by steep beaches - meant any invasion was improbably difficult. The result was carnage: the beaches were turned into killing grounds even as the men came ashore, and whole battalions were cut to pieces. But why was the Raid ever mounted? What was its strategic objective? Afterwards no one appeared to have a clear answer, and neither did it appear that anyone could be held clearly accountable, but posterity has been hard on individuals like Mountbatten, who were instrumental in its planning and the decision to go. Was the whole thing, as has been darkly alleged, expected and even intended to fail, a cynical conspiracy to prove to the Americans, at the expense of so many Canadian lives, the impracticality of staging the Normandy landings for another two years? In previous works like The Bomber War Robin Neillands has built a considerable reputation for going behind the time-honoured myths of military history to discover what really happened. In this new book he has has traced numerous surviving veterans of the Raid, in the UK and Canada, to tell the harrowing story of what actually took place, hour by hour, as disaster unfolded. He has also exhaustively explored all the archival evidence to establish as far as possible the paper trail of command, of who knew - or should have known - what was happening, and whether the whole debacle could have been prevented. The result is the definitive account of one of the Allies' darkest hours.
History

Encyclopedia of World War II

Author: Alan Axelrod

Publisher: H W Fowler

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 924

View: 448

Provides over seven hundred entries about the second World War discussing the biographies of key figures, maps and explanations of decisive battles, and the military, historical, political, and diplomatic aspects of the war.

Leadership through Battles: Learning Leadership and Management through the Greatest Battles in History

Author: Mohammad Nozari

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 214

View: 299

Whether you manage or lead a startup, small company, or a large and established firm, you probably don't have time to wade through dozens of books to determine what history's greatest battles can teach you about running a business. Even if you had the time, you don't need to, because this guidebook to leadership does it for you. It's a short but precise narrative highlighting lessons from war, including how to: implement ideas and plans amid confusion; expand business into a new market or geographic area; prepare employees for tumultuous change; weaken and conquer adversaries. The guidebook highlights some of history's best and worst battlefield generals, including Alexander the Great, Attila the Hun, William the Duke of Normandy, Napoleon, George Washington, Col. George Armstrong Custer and many others. Their tactics reveal hundreds of memorable insights that will help you do what the great leaders did and avoid what doomed others.
History

Raiders

Author: John Laffin

Publisher: Sutton Pub Limited

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 194

View: 156

During WW2 a number of daring raids were carried out by Allied and Axis forces against targets carefully selected for their strategic or propaganda values. Raiders relates over 20 such operations, with the emphasis on attacks mounted by the British.
Atlantic Wall (France and Belgium)

The Atlantic Wall

Author: Alan F. Wilt

Publisher: Iowa State Press

ISBN:

Category: Atlantic Wall (France and Belgium)

Page: 244

View: 600

World War, 1939-1945

World War II

Author: Ivor Matanle

Publisher: Smithmark Pub

ISBN:

Category: World War, 1939-1945

Page: 400

View: 627

Historical, personal, and technical aspects of the Second World War are explored in this six-book series. Each book examines a different facet of the war, from the military machines and battles to the leaders who brought their people through the terrible times. Details of military weaponry, battle plans, and personalities will bring this conflict alive for readers.
Biography & Autobiography

Earl Mountbatten of Burma, 1900-1979

Author: Eugene L. Rasor

Publisher: Greenwood

ISBN:

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 139

View: 1000

Provides a guide to the literature on one of the most remarkable naval officers of the 20th century.
History

British VC's of World War 2

Author: John Laffin

Publisher: Sutton Pub Limited

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 258

View: 898

In this latest book from Laffin, he describes the deeds that led to the award of 106 British VCs during the Second World War, and analyses each of them in the contexts of the campaigns and actions for which they were awarded.
History

3 Para, Mount Longdon

Author: Jon Cooksey

Publisher: Pen & Sword Military

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 109

View: 763

June 1982, and in the middle of a South Atlantic winter, the Falklands War is at its height. The Parachute Regiment has already been in action - 2 Para securing a hard fought victory at Darwin-Goose Green at a heavy price in killed and wounded including their CO, Lieutenant Colonel 'H' Jones, later awarded a posthumous VC. Now, two weeks later, as they look up at the long, frost shattered spines of rock which stab the air from the summit of Mount Longdon on the outer ring of the Stanley defences, the 'toms' of 3 Para know it is their turn. As they prepare to assault their objectives - features code named 'wing forward', 'fly half' and 'full back'- the men of 3 Para know they are in for a fight. Just before 'zero' some of them are simply told to pray. This, the first in a new series on Special Operations, tells the story of 3 Para and the often-neglected struggle for Mount Longdon. It was a battle which tested the discipline, comradeship and professionalism of the paras to the limit; it was a battle which witnessed another posthumous VC; it turned out to be the bloodiest battle of the entire Falklands Campaign.