Business & Economics

Stabilization Programs and External Enforcement

Author: Julio A. Santaella

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 48

View: 580

Credibility and financing problems are important reasons why countries may seek to involve external institutions in the design and implementation of stabilization programs. In particular, governments may rely on external institutions to ‘enforce’ programs that would otherwise lack credibility. This paper analyzes six European currency stabilizations sponsored by the League of Nations in the 1920s. It emphasizes the means by which the League provided a ‘commitment technology’ and enforced compliance, thereby helping to ensure successful stabilizations. Empirical evidence indicates that countries with greater credibility problems relied more heavily on external enforcement to stabilize their currencies.
Business & Economics

Stabilization Programs and External Enforcement

Author: Julio A. Santaella

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 48

View: 387

Credibility and financing problems are important reasons why countries may seek to involve external institutions in the design and implementation of stabilization programs. In particular, governments may rely on external institutions to ‘enforce’ programs that would otherwise lack credibility. This paper analyzes six European currency stabilizations sponsored by the League of Nations in the 1920s. It emphasizes the means by which the League provided a ‘commitment technology’ and enforced compliance, thereby helping to ensure successful stabilizations. Empirical evidence indicates that countries with greater credibility problems relied more heavily on external enforcement to stabilize their currencies.
Business & Economics

IMF Staff papers

Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 558

This paper assesses alternative auction techniques for pricing and allocating various financial instruments, such as government securities, central bank refinance credit, and foreign exchange. Before recommending appropriate formats for auctioning these items, the paper discusses basic auction formats, assessing the advantages and disadvantages of each, based on the existing, mostly theoretical, literature. It is noted that auction techniques can be usefully employed for a broad range of items and that their application is of particular relevance to the impetus in many parts of the world toward establishing market-oriented economies.
Business & Economics

Development Macroeconomics

Author: Pierre-Richard Agénor

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 792

View: 233

The global financial crisis triggered severe shocks for developing countries, whose embrace of greater commercial and financial openness has increased their exposure to external shocks, both real and financial. This new edition of Development Macroeconomics has been fully revised to address the more open and less stable environment in which developing countries operate today. Describing the latest advances in this rapidly changing field, the book features expanded coverage of public debt and the management of capital inflows as well as new material on fiscal discipline, monetary policy regimes, currency, banking and sovereign debt crises, currency unions, and the choice of an exchange-rate regime. A new chapter on dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models with financial frictions has been added to reflect how the financial crisis has reshaped our thinking on the role of such frictions in generating and propagating real and financial shocks. The book also discusses the role of macroprudential regulation, both independently and through its interactions with monetary policy, in preserving financial and macroeconomic stability. Now in its fourth edition, Development Macroeconomics remains the definitive textbook on the macroeconomics of developing countries. The most authoritative book on the subject—now fully revised and expanded Features new material on fiscal discipline, monetary policy regimes, currency, banking and sovereign debt crises, and much more Comes with online supplements on informal financial markets, stabilization programs, the solution of DSGE models with financial frictions, and exchange rate crises
Business & Economics

Aid and the Political Economy of Policy Change

Author: Tony Killick

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 221

View: 792

This volume looks at the effectiveness of conditionality in structural adjustment programmes. Tony Killick charts the emergence of conditionality, and challenges the widely held assumption that it is a co-operative process, arguing that in fact it tends to be coercive and detrimental to development objectives. Through detailed case studies of twenty one recipient countries, he explores the key issues of: * ownership * role of agencies * government objectives and the effects of policy. The conclusion is that conditionality has been counterproductive to price stability, economic growth and investment.
Business & Economics

Great Inflations of the 20th Century

Author: Pierre L. Siklos

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 308

View: 710

'. . . the book contains an interesting collection of articles. . .' - Jan Kakes, De Economist 'In short Pierre Siklos has put together a book that is informative, thought provoking, and fun to read.' - Bruce D. Smith, Journal of Economic History The problems associated with chronically high inflation and hyperinflation continue to preoccupy policy makers and economists. In Great Inflations of the 20th Century, Pierre Siklos has gathered together major papers by a distinguished group of scholars who use historical episodes to understand and explain a key issue.
Business & Economics

World Economic Outlook, May 1994

Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 191

View: 214

The World Economic Outlook presents the IMF staff’s analysis and projections of economic developments at the global level, in major country groups (classified by region, stage of development, etc.), and in many individual countries. It focuses on major economic policy issues as well as on the analysis of economic developments and prospects. It is usually prepared twice a year, as documentation for meetings of the International Monetary and Financial Committee, and forms the main instrument of the IMF’s global surveillance activities.