Data for this report are taken from the 1987-88 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), which was designed to measure teacher supply and demand conditions, characteristics of the teacher workforce, and factors related to teacher supply and demand. This analysis used a subsample of the SASS teacher sample consisting of 2,041 newly hired public school teachers and 954 newly hired private school teachers. In the 1987-88 school year, 152,000 teachers were newly hired, 112,000 in public and 40,000 in private schools. Only 27 percent of public and 19 percent of private school teachers were supplied by the pool of "newly minted" college graduates who have traditionally met the nation's demand for new teachers. The primary source for new hires was the reserve pool of former teachers. Reentrants supplied 41 percent of new hires for public schools and 44 percent in private schools. Transfers from other teaching positions supplied 19 percent of public and 23 percent of private new hires. A fourth source of new hires was the delayed entrant, first-year teachers who engaged in other activities after completing their degrees but before entering teaching. Measures of teacher qualifications are needed to distinguish better among teachers of varying quality. Continued reporting of these data will be useful in tracking the relative contribution of each supply source in meeting the demand for newly hired teachers. Ten tables and five figures present survey findings. Technical notes on survey methodology are included, and an appendix contains 10 tables of standard errors. (SLD)
Teacher turnover by American Association for Employment in Education
The School Teacher in England and the United States: The Findings of Empirical Research investigates what makes school teachers distinct from other people in England and the United States. This book brings together for the first time the findings of a very large number of surveys on both sides of the Atlantic designed to throw light on a number of critical questions, such as the teachers' family backgrounds, their motives for becoming teachers, or the types of role-conflict affecting teachers in general, and women teachers (including married women) in particular. This monograph is comprised of 10 chapters and begins by comparing the British and American educational settings. The next chapter discusses the role that society is believed to expect teachers to fulfill, such as emancipation from the child's primary emotional attachment to his family, or the technical component of the skills which have to be transmitted to the pupils to enable them to fulfill their future adult roles. The empirical evidence on society's view of what role the teachers should play is then analyzed. A typology of incompatibilities inherent in teacher role is also presented. The remaining chapters focus on the teachers' expressed motivation in career choice; the stages at which people choose teaching; teacher effectiveness and career satisfaction; and the teachers' professional status. The final chapter considers some policy alternatives for addressing the training and supply of teachers. This text will be a useful resource for teachers, school administrators, and educational policymakers.