Students valued academic success, politeness, and honesty but not so much health and tolerance. Teenagers gave high ranks to knowledge, friends, and honesty and lower ranks to a high position in society and wealth. The students' self-evaluations were in good correlation with PISA 2006 results. Positive experiences of upbringing were related to a lower risk of using intoxicants in Estonia, Finland and Russia. Teenagers' behaviour was assessed as relatively wilder but also more honest than adults' behaviour. A review of bullying revealed the relationship between educational practice and science. The analysis of early sexual initiation showed some factors of, for example, greater tolerance of commercial sex in society. A study of Estonian teenagers' time usage indicated differences by gender, grade and region. Students reported positive academic emotions, such as enjoyment, hope, pride, etc. more often in lower grades.
The papers in this collection analyse the professionalism of teachers in Estonia and neighbouring countries from several perspectives. Data from the OECD TALIS survey have been used to study the transformation of the teaching profession in recent years. As Estonia is bicultural, one paper deals with the transition to Estonian as the language of instruction in Russian-medium schools. Teacher professionalism is related to communication skills and this is also explored. It is generally accepted that teachers' beliefs guide them in their daily work, and so three papers deal with the professional self and self-efficacy beliefs among teachers. In addition, an adaptation of the Teacher Efficacy Scale to the Estonian context is presented. The professional experience of young teachers is analysed and a comparison of the school practicum in teacher training in the Netherlands, Estonia and Finland is explored. Finally, the stress that teachers experience has been studied along with the preferred strategies for coping.
Two decades on from the start of the ‘Singing Revolution’, and five years on from the Baltic States’ entry to the European Union, the time is ripe to take stock of Estonia’s remarkable transition from Soviet Republic to EU member state and address the challenges - some new, some ongoing - and uncertainties that have arisen following the country’s entry to the EU. This book locates the post-accession period within the broader sweep of post-communist transition and diagnoses the problems facing Estonia as the global economic downturn takes hold and a new mood of pessimism reigns in Central and Eastern Europe. Until recently, Estonia enjoyed an international reputation as an emerging high-growth ‘tiger economy’ and reform pioneer, not least in the sphere of IT. This economic success story, however, masked the continued problematic political and social legacies of the Soviet period, including the issue of ethnic integration, which again hit the headlines following riots in Tallinn in April 2007. This fully up-to-date appraisal - the first in English - covers all of the key issues, and will appeal to specialists in Baltic and Central and Eastern European politics and society, as well as to anyone with an interest in European integration more generally. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Baltic Studies.
This publication is the first volume of a report which examines the reproductive health behaviour of young people in Europe. It focuses on contraceptive practices and the use of abortion amongst young adults, and trends in teenage sexual behaviour in terms of pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases and HIV infections. These discussions provide a background for research into the possible impact of legislation and government policy on the role of the welfare system, the institutional framework of reproductive health services and education.
This annual UNICEF report monitoring the impact of transition in the Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) examines the situation of young people in the 27 countries of the CEE and the CIS. It looks at what has happened to the 65 million 15 to 24-year-olds who are the first generation to complete their education, look for jobs, marry and have families, since the fall of the Berlin Wall. As well as quantitative data, it includes the views of young people on issues such as education, politics, health, work and leisure, gathered during group discussions in six transition countries. The Report finds that those countries that have progressed further in the transition agenda offer young people greater opportunities in education, business, and politics but it warns that new freedoms have meant new risks almost unknown to earlier generations: unemployment, drugs and other substance abuse, and HIV infection. Chapters cover: health, including lifestyle; education; employment; political and social participation. A statistical annex is included. The Report finds that the health risks of young people have increased. There is an impending HIV/AIDS crisis in a region which was one of the least affected parts of the world. Alcohol, drug and tobacco use and the suicide rate are on the increase in many countries in the region. The Report proposes the development of youth-friendly policies to tackle the issues outlined in the report and suggests ways in which these could be made most effective. These include involving young people in service planning and provision and targeting young people as valuable assets and able partners.
CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
The quantitative study presented in this book is part of the research effort by the REDCo project (“Religion in Education. A contribution to Dialogue or a Factor of Conflict in Transforming Societies of European Countries”). The project brought together nine research teams from eight European countries: England, Estonia, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Norway, Russia and Spain. The research involved interdisciplinary cooperation between specialists in the different academic fields of education, religious education, sociology, political science, anthropology, psychology, theology and religious studies. The book offers valuable interpretations and inspirations on the question how the students in the 14 – 16 year age group in Europe see the (ir)relevance of religions for dialogue and conflict in their daily lives, in the school environment, and in society as a whole.