Environmental impact of textiles examines what effects all phases of textile production and use have on the environment, from growing or making fibres to discarding a product after its useful life has ended. It looks at the physical environment affected by these processes, including resource depletion, pollution and energy use; the biological environment, by considering what happens as a result of manufacture, and the social environment as it impinges on our psychological, physical and physiological comfort, as well as our financial well-being. It pulls together a wide range of examples drawn from a diverse collection of sources and integrates them to form a new and coherent set of ideas. This comprehensive approach has not been undertaken before and has never previously been associated with textile production and use. In addition to its analysis of the environmental impact of textile manufacturing activity, the book also considers the degradation suffered by textile materials within the environment whether by air pollution, wind, water and other agents. Environmental impact of textiles provides a complete survey of how developments in the textile industry and consumers of its products have affected the environment in the past. The book also covers recent solutions adopted by the industry in the hope that some alleviation of the problems can be achieved without sacrificing high textile production targets and the ways in which the industry is responding to the environmental challenge. It will be an essential reference for anyone involved and concerned with its future environmental footprint. Examines the effects textile production and use have on the environment, from growing or making fibres to discarding a product after its useful life has ended Looks at how the physical environment is affected by textile production processes, including resource depletion, pollution, energy use and the biological environment Considers the degradation suffered by textile materials within the environment by air pollution, wind, water and other agents
This book presents a comprehensive treatment of both functional and decorative textiles used in the automotive industry including seat covers, headliners, airbags, seat belts and tyres. Written in a clear, concise style it explains material properties and the way in which they influence manufacturing processes as well as providing practical production details. The subject treatment cuts across the disciplines of textile chemistry, fabric and plastics technology and production engineering. Environmental effects and recycling are also covered. It is aimed at the design and process engineer in industry as well as researchers in universities and colleges. Quality engineers will also benefit from the book's sections on identifying problems and material limitations.
This major handbook provides comprehensive coverage of the manufacture, processing and applications of high tech textiles for a huge range of applications including: heat and flame protection; waterproof and breathable fabrics; textiles in filtration; geotextiles; medical textiles; textiles in transport engineering and textiles for extreme environments. Handbook of technical textiles is an essential guide for textile yarn and fibre manufacturers; producers of woven, knitted and non-woven fabrics; textile finishers; designers and specifiers of textiles for new or novel applications as well as lecturers and graduate students on university textile courses. Comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles Detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure and applications Contributions from recognised experts world-wide
Textiles play a vital role in the manufacture of various medical devices, including the replacement of diseased, injured or non-functioning organs within the body. Biotextiles as medical implants provides an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants. The first part of the book focuses on polymers, fibers and textile technologies, and these chapters discuss the manufacture, sterilization, properties and types of biotextiles used for medical applications, including nanofibers, resorbable polymers and shaped biotextiles. The chapters in part two provide a comprehensive discussion of a range of different clinical applications of biotextiles, including surgical sutures, arterial prostheses, stent grafts, percutaneous heart valves and drug delivery systems. This book provides a concise review of the technologies, properties and types of biotextiles used as medical devices. In addition, it addresses the biological dimension of how to design devices for different clinical applications, providing an invaluable reference for biomedical engineers of medical textiles, quality control and risk assessment specialists, as well as managers of regulatory affairs. The subject matter will also be of interest to professionals within the healthcare system including surgeons, nurses, therapists, sourcing and purchasing agents, researchers and students in different disciplines. Provides an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants Addresses the technologies used and discusses the manufacture, properties and types of biotextiles Examines applications of biotextiles as medical implants, including drug delivery systems and stent grafts and percutaneous heart valves
The available implants can be classified as either the one- dimensional, two-dimensional or three-dimensional structures. Among these, the most researched is the arterial prosthesis, which involves a novel process and many steps to make. All aspects of the manufacture and finishing of different types of vascular grafts (straight, tapered, multilimbed) are discussed: construction of the basic tube, setting and annealing of the tube in corrugated and resilient circular configurations, and the designs to resist fraying, improve flow and enhance healing. Advantages of using tubular fabrics to construct other (nonvascular) prostheses are examined, as is the technology used to produce more complex, nontubular, three-dimensional products. Key criteria for selection of implant material and physical principles to optimize implant performance are also considered.