Literary Criticism

The Structure of Leaves of Grass

Author: Thomas Edward Crawley

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN:

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 271

View: 579

Modern critics and contemporary readers familiar with the field of Whitman criticism may find surprising an analysis of the structure of Leaves of Grass that concerns itself with Whitman as the poet-prophet and the identification of Whitman (or of his persona in the poem) with Christ. Early twentieth-century criticism has tended to exalt the early Whitman at the expense of the later one and to regard as poetically inferior the image of the national and democratically prophetic Whitman as expressed in the later editions. Thomas Edward Crawley, in full knowledge of the contemporary currents of Whitman criticism, chooses to revert to this older view, through which he sheds new light on Whitman’s artistic achievement. The basic premise of this study is that Walt Whitman’s Leaves of Grass is a unified work, lyrical, yet epic in quality, design, and spirit. Crawley’s purpose is to demonstrate the basis of this unity: its origin and operation and the nature of its realization. He demonstrates that an aesthetically maturing Whitman, in this work, was finally able to harmoniously bring together his individual and social subject matter. Crawley defines the unifying spirit of Leaves of Grass in terms of Whitman’s concept of the poet-prophet and the poet-reader relationship. This concept is conveyed primarily through the development of the Christ- symbol, the dominant image in the poem. Through a careful analysis of Whitman’s handling of the simultaneous development of the poet-prophet and the nation, his masterful fusion of the personal element and the national element, an understanding of the complex structure of Leaves of Grass emerges. Crawley presents an analysis of Whitman’s final and carefully arrived at grouping of the lyrics in the 1881 edition according to a definite, distinguishable pattern—a pattern revealed in Whitman’s use of allusions, in his transitional poems and passages, and, most important, in his thematic handling of imagery. The cumulative effect of these devices is emphasized. The organic development of Leaves of Grass, made possible by Whitman’s faith in and careful adherence to his concept of the organic theory of art, is substantiated. Crawley concludes his analysis with a detailed examination of the growth of Leaves of Grass as reflected in the various editions leading up to the 1881 volume, the last to be revised and published by Whitman.
Leaves

The Book of Leaves

Author: Allen J. Coombes

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Leaves

Page: 656

View: 341

The Book of Leaves offers a visually stunning and scientifically engaging guide to six hundred of the most impressive and beautiful leaves from around the world. Each leaf is reproduced here at its actual size in full-colour photographs taken on a lightbox and is accompanied by details of the range, distribution, abundance, and habitat of the tree on which its found, as well as brief scientific and historical accounts. From the familiar friends of our backyards to the giants of the deep woods, The Book of Leaves brings the forest to life and to our living rooms as never before.
Travel

Mearing Stones: Leaves from My Note-Book on Tramp in Donegal

Author: Joseph Campbell

Publisher: DigiCat

ISBN:

Category: Travel

Page: 69

View: 391

DigiCat Publishing presents to you this special edition of "Mearing Stones: Leaves from My Note-Book on Tramp in Donegal" by Joseph Campbell. DigiCat Publishing considers every written word to be a legacy of humankind. Every DigiCat book has been carefully reproduced for republishing in a new modern format. The books are available in print, as well as ebooks. DigiCat hopes you will treat this work with the acknowledgment and passion it deserves as a classic of world literature.
Nature

The Lives of Leaves

Author: Dan Crowley

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN:

Category: Nature

Page: 216

View: 131

Leaves are one of nature's marvels. We watch them turn red in Autumn, make medicine from them, invent folklore around them, and mark the passing of time by them. But how do they grow? Why are they the shapes they are? What makes an evergreen, evergreen? The Lives of Leaves is a beautifully illustrated compendium of the tales, science and history of leaves from all around the world, from sugar maple and how leaves change colour, to gingko and the history and future of leaves as medicine. It's the story of what they do, what we do with them, and why we can't do without them.
Natural history

First Book of Nature

Author: James Edward Talmage

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Natural history

Page: 324

View: 991

Art

The Complete Book of Drawing

Author: Barrington Barber

Publisher: Arcturus Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Art

Page: 352

View: 758

What does every budding artist need to know about drawing? And what quick skills can you pick up to help you on the way? In this instructive book, Barrington Barber shows you just this, offering tips and tricks as he guides you through the fundamental aspects of drawing. Get to grips with still-life composition, draw dynamic bodies in motion, and capture the spectacular natural world. The Complete Book of Drawing is a distillation of the many skills that the aspiring artist needs to develop. As Barrington Barber knows from his many years of teaching and practising art, it is crucial for you to develop your own artistic style. And, uniquely among practical art books, this is what The Complete Book of Drawing provides. By revealing the nuances of texture, composition and perspective, this book will enable you to look at the world around you with fresh eyes.