Providing an indispensable resource for students and policy makers investigating the Bosnian catastrophes of the 1990s, this book provides a comprehensive survey of the leaders, ideas, movements, and events pertaining to one of the most devastating conflicts of contemporary times. • Provides nearly 150 entries—written in a clear and concise style by leading international authorities—that summarize the roles of the leaders involved in the Bosnian Conflict of 1992–1995 and beyond as well as contextualizing essays on various facets of the Bosnian Conflicts • Considers and evaluates the various strategies adopted by members of the international community in trying to bring the war to an end • Edited by renowned genocide scholar, Paul R. Bartrop, PhD
Providing an indispensable resource for students and policy makers investigating the Bosnian catastrophes of the 1990s, this book provides a comprehensive survey of the leaders, ideas, movements, and events pertaining to one of the most devastating conflicts of contemporary times.
This edition features a completely updated text that provides the reader with information on both medical treatment and surgical interventions, to provide the busy practitioner with a practical and easy to use aid to diagnosis. The text has been completely rewritten and takes the reader through from the initial examination through to confirmation of the diagnosis, with succinct recommendations for management.
Offers an analysis of the crisis in Bosnia and dilemmas surrounding international efforts to resolve it. Early chapters examine Bosnian history and major developments in the war in Bosnia between 1992 and 1994, including the use of ethnic cleansing and the question of genocide. Later chapters delve into efforts of the international community to resolve the conflict. A final chapter discusses lessons to be learned. Includes bandw maps. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
The Bosnian Diaspora: Integration in Transnational Communities provides a comprehensive insight into the situation of the Bosnian Diaspora, including not only experiences in 'western' countries, but also the integration experiences of Bosnian migrants in neighbouring territories, such as Croatia, Serbia and Slovenia. The book presents the latest trans-national comparative studies drawn from the US and Australia as well as countries across Europe, to explore post-crisis interactions among Bosnians and the impact of post-conflict related migration. Examining the common features of the Diaspora, including the responses of migrants to changes within Bosnia and the position of displaced people in both Bosnian society itself and local political discourses, this volume addresses the influence of global anti-Muslim rhetoric on the Bosnian Diaspora's self-identification and refugees' relationships to their home country. The extent to which refugees and returnees can be described as agents of globalization and social change is also considered, whilst addressing the issue of Bosnian integration into various receiving countries and the influence exercised by European reception policies on receiving nations outside Europe. An extensive exploration of a major post-conflict European Diaspora, this book will appeal to those with interests in migration, ethnicity, integration and the displacement effects of Yugoslav conflicts.
The Bosnian War was an international armed conflict that took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1992 and 1995. The war is commonly seen as having started on 6 April 1992, following a number of earlier violent incidents. The war ended on 14 December 1995. Story of Bosnian War Index Chapter 1: Bosnian War Story 1.1 Beginning of the Yugoslav Wars 1.2 Final political crisis 1.3 March 1992 unrest Chapter 2: Factions 2.1 Bosnian 2.2 Croat 2.3 Serb 2.4 Paramilitary and volunteers 2.5 Prelude Chapter 3: Course of the war Chapter 4: Casualties 4.1 RDC figures 4.2 ICTY figures 4.3 Other statistics Chapter 5: War crimes 5.1 Ethnic cleansing 5.2 Genocide 5.3 Rape 5.4 Prosecutions and legal proceedings 5.5 Reconciliation Chapter 6: Assessment 6.1 Ethnic war
This volume brings together a distinguished group of thinkers, working in ethics, religion and history, to explore moral and religious issues that underlie the violence in Bosnia. ********************************************************* This volume brings together a distinguished group of thinkers to explore the moral and religious issues that underlie the violence and atrocities in Bosnia. From diverse academic and philosophical perspectives, the works of Jean Bethke Elshtain, James Turner Johnson, Michael Sells, John Kelsay, and G. Scott Davis will inform not just scholars of ethics, politics and religion, but everyone concerned with the prospects for justice in the post Cold War world.
The turbulent disintegration of Yugoslavia and the internecine civil war that followed during the post-Cold War era is seen through the lives and fortunes of four families representing various factions in the struggle. 20,000 first printing.
At the end of the Cold War, the Balkan states of South East Europe were in crisis. They had emerged from two decades of hardline communism with their economies in disarray and authoritarian leaders poised to whip up nationalist feelings so as to cling on to power. The break up of Yugoslavia followed in 1991 along with prolonged instability in Romania, Bulgaria and Albania. The Balkans After The Cold War analyzes these turbulent events, which led to violence on a scale not seen in Europe for nearly 50 years and offers a detailed critique of Western policy towards the region. This volume follows on from the recently published Outcast Europe: The Balkans, 1789 - 1989 - from the Ottomans to Milosevic, also by Tom Gallagher.
The recent atrocities in Bosnia-Herzegovina have stunned people throughout the world. With Holocaust memories still painfully vivid, a question haunts us: how is this savagery possible? Michael A. Sells answers by demonstrating that the Bosnian conflict is not simply a civil war or a feud of age-old adversaries. It is, he says, a systematic campaign of genocide and a Christian holy war spurred by religious mythologies. This passionate yet reasoned book examines how religious stereotyping—in popular and official discourse—has fueled Serbian and Croatian ethnic hatreds. Sells, who is himself Serbian American, traces the cultural logic of genocide to the manipulation by Serb nationalists of the symbolism of Christ's death, in which Muslims are "Christ-killers" and Judases who must be mercilessly destroyed. He shows how "Christoslavic" religious nationalism became a central part of Croat and Serbian politics, pointing out that intellectuals and clergy were key instruments in assimilating extreme religious and political ideas. Sells also elucidates the ways that Western policy makers have rewarded the perpetrators of the genocide and punished the victims. He concludes with a discussion of how the multireligious nature of Bosnian society has been a bridge between Christendom and Islam, symbolized by the now-destroyed bridge at Mostar. Drawing on historical documents, unpublished United Nations reports, articles from Serbian and Bosnian media, personal contacts in the region, and Internet postings, Sells reveals the central role played by religious mythology in the Bosnian tragedy. In addition, he makes clear how much is at stake for the entire world in the struggle to preserve Bosnia's existence as a multireligious society.
Seminar paper from the year 2003 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Peace and Conflict Studies, Security, grade: 2, University of Innsbruck (Politikwissenschaft), language: English, abstract: In the following, the background to the United States’ involvement in the Bosnian war, their motive and mode of mediation, and the legitimacy of their interventions as mediators shall be analyzed with special focus on the controversial issues identified above. From these case‐specific findings, some general conclusions shall be drawn with regard to the role of mediation in conflict resolution.
Biography & Autobiography by Milenko Savo Milanović
Following the Bosnian War and his immigration to the U.S., Serbian refugee Milenko Milanovic would awaken from horrifying dreams-- vestiges of his eight-month imprisonment in the Bosnian war camp at Visoko. For years, Milanovic's memories remained suppressed, but his experiences lived on in the loose-leaf diary he had kept hidden in the lining of his jacket. After his release, he compiled these notes a harrowing volume that details his capture and subsequent internment. This edition presents his diary in English for the first time, accompanied by contributions from his fellow prisoners and Milanovic's own reflections on his imprisonment and life as a refugee.
International Public Opinion and the Bosnia Crisis examines—through U.S., Canadian, and European case studies—how public reaction impacted democratic governments' response to the ethnic and religious conflict in Bosnia, 1991-1997.
Ireland and the Balkans have come to represent divided and (re)united communities. They both provide effective microcosms of national, ethnic, political, military, religious, ideological and cultural conflicts in their respective regions and, as a result, they demonstrate real and imaginary divisions. This book will specifically focus on the history, politics and literature of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Northern Ireland, while making comparative reference to some of Europe’s other disputed and divided regions. Using case-studies such as Kosovo and Serbia; Lithuania, Germany, Poland, Russia and Belarus; Greece and Macedonia, it examines ‘space’, ‘place’ and ‘border’ discourse, the topography of war and violence, post-war settlement and reconciliation, and the location and negotiation of national, ethnic, religious, political and cultural identities. The book will be of particular interest to scholars and students of cultural studies, history, politics, Irish studies, Slavonic studies, area studies and literary studies.
This concise history of Bosnia-Hercegovina is designed for the non-specialist reader who seeks to understand the historical background of the Bosnian conflict that erupted in 1992 in the wake of Serbian and Croatian agression. It covers the principal developments in Bosnian History, from the early medieval period until the end of 1993, focusing on the creation of religious communities and their evolution into ethnic groups and distinct nationalities.
In The Muslim-Croat Civil War in Central Bosnia, 1992–1994 Charles R. Shrader offers the first full-scale military history of a crucial conflict in Bosnia between two former allies. When the Bosnian Serbs and their Serbian allies attacked Bosnia-Herzegovina in March, 1992, the Bosnian Croats and Muslims collaborated to defend themselves. As Serbian pressure increased and it became clear that the West would not intervene, the two allies began to stake out their own claims. Drawing on testimony and exhibits from cases presented before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, Shrader describes the organization and tactical doctrine of the Croatian Defense Forces and the Muslim-led Army of Bosnia-Herzegovina. He analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of the two sides in such fields as communications, training, and logistics. He assesses not only the problems of command and control in the newly formed armies, but also the impact of criminal activity, the mujahedeen, and the intervention of peacekeeping forces. What looked to many like aggression by the Bosnian Croats, Shrader views as the adoption of an “active defense,” a doctrine embraced by U. S. forces, against a predatory Muslim force. He believes UN and European observes rushed to judgment regarding the aggressive intent of the Croatian command. Far from being the attackers, Shrader concludes, the Bosnian Croats in Central Bosnia were clearly outnumbered, outgunned, and on the defensive. Surrounded by superior Muslim forces, they barely held out in their enclaves in the Lasva Valley until a cease-fire was achieved in February 1994. Although Shrader’s work is a detailed, meticulous, analysis by a neutral expert, not everyone will find his conclusions comfortable. But every serious student of the conflict in Bosnia will have to take his history into account. Enhanced by maps, useful appendices, and a glossary, this should become the standard work on military operations in Central Bosnia and a useful case study of internal warfare and ethnic conflict.