Social Science

The Drug Effect

Author: Suzanne Fraser

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page:

View: 817

The Drug Effect: Health, Crime and Society offers new perspectives on critical debates in the field of alcohol and other drug use. Drawing together work by respected scholars in Australia, the US, the UK and Canada, it explores social and cultural meanings of drug use and analyses law enforcement and public health frameworks and objectives related to drug policy and service provision. In doing so, it addresses key questions of drug use and addiction through interdisciplinary, predominantly sociological and criminological, perspectives, mapping and building on recent conceptual and empirical advances in the field. These include questions of materiality and agency, the social constitution of disease and neo-liberal subjectivity and responsibility. This book provides a fresh scholarly perspective on drug use and addiction by collecting top quality original work, written by a mix of international leaders in the field and emerging scholars working at the cutting edge of research.
Medical

Ecstasy: The Clinical, Pharmacological and Neurotoxicological Effects of the Drug MDMA

Author: Stephen J. Peroutka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 244

View: 501

The variety of viewpoints expressed in this book illustrate the many contro versies surrounding MDMA [1]. On the one hand, the proponents ofMDMA use believe this agent offers a unique psychoactive effect that may have important clinical applications, especially in the field of psychotherapy. On the other hand, the scientific data concerning the neurotoxic effects of the drug are unequivocal. The most striking feature of the human information of MDMA is the paucity of data that has been generated on the drug since it was patented in 1914. As pointed out by Beck (Chapter 6) and others, a clear need exists for better epidemiological and clinical data on MDMA. In the absence of such data, arguments both for and against the cotinued use ofMDMA with humans will be difficult to support. Unfortunately, the currently available data must be used to develop rational policies for potential human users of MDMA. At the present time, there are no data indicating that recreational doses of MDMA permanently damage the human brain. Nonetheless, based on a review of the contents of this book as well as on informal discussions with approximately 200 recreational users of MDMA, the following personal observations suggest that MDMA is radically different from other recreational drugs.
Medical

Drug-Induced Ocular Side Effects: Clinical Ocular Toxicology E-Book

Author: Frederick T. Fraunfelder

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 424

View: 483

Ideal for ophthalmologists, optometrists and busy clinicians, Drug-Induced Ocular Side Effects provides the clinically relevant information you need to diagnose and manage chemical and drug-related ocular problems. An easily accessible format, meticulous revisions and comprehensive coverage of all drugs’ generic and trade names, primary uses, ocular and systemic side effects, and clinical significance make this best-selling resource the ideal reference for quick, on-the-spot consultation. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Manage any challenge in ocular toxicology with extensive coverage of principles of therapy; ocular drug delivery; methods to evaluate drug-induced visual side effects; and the role of electrophysiology and psychophysics. Benefit from the masterful guidance and global perspective of world authorities in the field who provide need-to-know information on all aspects of ocular toxicology—all in one concise reference. Confer with the WHO classification system to determine whether a particular side effect is certain, probable, or likely to occur. Zero in on the key information you need to know with highly templated, concise chapters. Apply the latest knowledge and treatments for newly recognized Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR). Identify which ADR’s are clinically relevant and what to do about them. Experience clinical scenarios with vivid clarity through a wealth of new and updated clinical photographs that provide unmatched, visual diagnostic guidance. Recognize and avoid drug-induced ocular side effects with data from the National Registry of Drug Induced Ocular Side-Effects (Casey Eye Institute, Portland, OR) and the World Health Organization (Uppsala, Sweden). Stay up to date and provide state-of-the-art care with the latest information on approved medications.
African American youth

The Effect of Drug Abuse on the Black Community

Author: United States. Congress. House. Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: African American youth

Page: 102

View: 141

Medical

Current Therapy in Equine Medicine

Author: Norman Edward Robinson

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 1066

View: 830

Stay up-to-date on the latest advances and current issues in equine medicine with this handy reference for the busy equine practitioner, large animal veterinarian, or student. This edition of Current Therapy in Equine Medicine brings you thorough coverage and expert advice on selected topics in areas that have seen significant advances in the last 5 years. Content emphasizes the practical aspects of diagnosis and treatment and provides details for therapeutic regimens. Arranged primarily by body system, the text also features sections on infectious diseases, foal diseases, nutrition, and toxicology. With this cutting-edge information all in one reliable source, you'll increase your awareness of key therapies in less time. Focuses on the latest therapy for equine diseases, emphasizing detailed discussions and the most reliable and current information. Organized approach to important problems brings you up-to-date, practical information organized by organ system. Concise, easy-to-read format saves you time; most articles provide essential information in 2 to 5 pages. Renowned group of contributors share their expertise on the timely topics you need to know about. Photos enhance information. Line drawings illustrate important concepts. NEW! Emerging topics include issues such as disinfection in equine hospitals; complimentary modalities to traditional medicine; chemotherapy for oncological diseases; and protecting yourself with medical records. Each section has NEW topics including medical management of critically ill foals in the field; oral cavity masses; radiology of sinuses and teeth; biochemical tests for myocardial injury; protozoal myeloencephalitis update; management of bladder uroliths; skin grafting; managing the high-risk pregnancy; shock wave therapy; and more!
Mathematics

Drug Synergism and Dose-Effect Data Analysis

Author: Ronald J. Tallarida

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 264

View: 472

Not since this author's bestselling Manual of Pharmacologic Calculation-long out of print-has there been a reference available for drug data analysis, and even that work did not deal with drug combinations. Although pharmacologists and most other scientists know what synergism is, mainstream textbooks tend to neglect it as a quantitative topic. Few
Medical

Computational Neuroscience of Drug Addiction

Author: Boris Gutkin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 342

View: 547

Drug addiction remains one of the most important public health problems in western societies and is a rising concern for developing nations. Over the past 3 decades, experimental research on the neurobiology and psychology of drug addiction has generated a torrent of exciting data, from the molecular up to the behavioral levels. As a result, a new and pressing challenge for addiction research is to formulate a synthetic theoretical framework that goes well beyond mere scientific eclectism to deepen our understanding of drug addiction and to foster our capacity to prevent and to cure drug addiction. Intrigued by the apparent irrational behavior of drug addicts, researchers from a wide range of scientific disciplines have formulated a plethora of theoretical schemes over the years to understand addiction. However, most of these theories and models are qualitative in nature and are formulated using terms that are often ill-defined. As a result, the empirical validity of these models has been difficult to test rigorously, which has served to generate more controversy than clarity. In this context, as in other scientific fields, mathematical and computational modeling should contribute to the development of more testable and rigorous models of addiction.
Medical

Clinical Measurement in Drug Evaluation

Author: Nimmo/Tucker

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 325

Clinical measurement of the therapeutic and adverse effects of a drug is an important part of drug evaluation and registration. This volume presents full coverage of the principles and practice of the measurement of drug effects in humans and its role in the evaluation and development of new drugs. Clinical interpretation and relevance of data, as well as the acceptability and accuracy of methodology are emphasized together with the special problems of the cardiovascular system and the central nervous system. Contributions are from an international team of scientists and clinicians from both academia and industry. Clinical Measurement in Drug Evaluation will be useful for clinical and research scientists, research-based pharmacologists, and the pharmaceutical industry.
Medical

Pharmacology

Author: R.R. Levine

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 592

View: 205

This is an updated, expanded new edition of Dr. Ruth Levine's renowned Pharmacology: Drug Actions and Reactions. It covers basic pharmacological principles and the general concepts of chemical-biological interactions and now includes important new material on molecular biology, updated clinical information, and added coverage of the newer drugs. For the sixth edition of this landmark book Dr. Levine is joined by co-authors Dr. Carol T. Walsh and Dr. Rochelle D. Schwartz-Bloom. Acclaimed for its exceptionally thorough coverage, superb presentation, and intelligent organization, the book guides you through the most elementary aspects of pharmacology to a sophisticated understanding of drug mechanisms. Each chapter contains a series of thought-provoking essay-type questions designed to test comprehension of the material in the chapter. In addition, a sufficient number of important, specific examples are included to illustrate the application of the principles. With the background provided by Pharmacology: Drug Actions and Reactions, Sixth Edition, you will be prepared to understand the actions of most individual drugs.
Medical

Nursing2013 Drug Handbook

Author:

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 1556

View: 666

Lists drug actions and interactions, describes drug therapy for children and the elderly, and provides details for the use of thousands of prescription drugs.
Medical

Nursing Drug Handbook 2015

Author: Karen C. Comerford

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 1617

View: 992

The 35th edition of the best-selling, original drug handbook for nurses provides complete monographs for more than 900 generic and thousands of brand-name drugs. Monographs are consistently formatted for ease of use and focus on the practical information that nurses need. Each monograph consists of generic and trade names, pronunciation key, pregnancy risk category, pharmacologic class, controlled substance schedule (if applicable), available forms, indications and dosages, administration (with drug incompatibities for I.V. drugs), action (including tables showing route, onset, peak, duration, and half-life), adverse reactions, interactions, effects on lab test results, contraindications, nursing considerations, and patient teaching. Also includes chapters on general drug information (pharmacology/pharmacotherapeutics, pharmacogenomics, safe drug administration, therapeutic classifications) and numerous appendices. Text is complemented by free Toolkit containing hundreds of online resources. You can also count on Nursing2015 Drug Handbook to tell you unapproved, off-label drug uses so you'll always know why a drug is prescribed. And, this year, be a more confident nurse with fingertip access to … • 24 NEW FDA-approved drugs • NEW! Safety information: Preventing and treating extravasation, Preventing exposure to hazardous drugs • NEW! Indication & Dosage Appendices--Nutritional supplements, Antacids, Laxatives • NEW coverage of pharmacogenomics. With the safeguards you'll find only in the Nursing2015 Drug Handbook, it's easier than ever to stay current on the 2,821 latest changes to drug information and to avoid even the most common medication errors: • Adjust-a-dose feature for dosage adjustments needed by special populations • Administration guidelines for all appropriate routes • Expanded full-color pill guide containing more drug images than in any previous edition! • Increased coverage of adverse reactions! Includes those that occur with 1% & greater frequency, with special emphasis on life-threatening adverse reactions • Chapters on drug classes, drug safety, drug interactions, and drug therapy across the lifespan • Combination drug section • Elder care medication tips and pediatric drug-error information in appendices • Evidence-based off-label indications and dosages • FDA Black Box Warnings in appropriate drug monographs • Interactions by Drug-drug, Drug-food, Drug-lab tests, Drug-alternative therapy clearly identified • Less Commonly Used Drugs appendix provides essential information, including indications and dosages for very infrequently used drugs • Overdose signs & symptoms, where appropriate • Robust Web Toolkit with hundreds of tools and resources, including monthly drug updates, warnings, and news capsules • Safe Drug Administration chapter focuses on the most current guidelines, ISMP initiatives, and contemporary patient safety issues (such as REMS), preventing and treating extravasation, and preventing exposure to hazardous drugs • Safety alert icon for potentially toxic drugs, I.V. drug incompatibility, dialyzable drugs, toxic drug-drug interactions, and much more. This publication is included on the ANCC: American Nurses Credentialing Center's reference list.
Political Science

Drugs in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law [3 volumes]

Author: Nancy E. Marion

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 1163

View: 669

Containing more than 450 entries, this easy-to-read encyclopedia provides concise information about the history of and recent trends in drug use and drug abuse in the United States—a societal problem with an estimated cost of $559 billion a year. • Contains more than 450 detailed entries on topics ranging from drugs themselves—such as alcohol, codeine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamines—to key individuals like Harry Anslinger to organizations such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) • Covers the latest developments in U.S. policies and public attitudes toward drugs and drug use • Provides citations with each entry to guide users to other valuable research resources • Features carefully selected primary documents—including excerpts from important laws, policies, and campaigns—that have shaped American drug policy over the decades
Education

How Drugs and Alcohol Affect Us

Author: Jan Stewart

Publisher: Hunter House

ISBN:

Category: Education

Page: 32

View: 186

This interactive workbook on knowing how drugs and alcohol affect our lives offers teachers and counselors specific, easy-to-use strategies for approaching this difficult but very important issue in the lives of middle school students.
Juvenile Nonfiction

Key Concepts in Drugs and Society

Author: Ross Coomber

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN:

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 208

View: 661

'This is a great resource that reflects the huge expertise of the authors. It will be welcomed by students, researchers and indeed anyone wanting critical but comprehensive coverage of key issues and trends concerning drugs and society - locally and globally, historically and today.' - Nigel South, Professor of Sociology, University of Essex 'Provides informative, balanced and contextualized insights into the relationships between people and drugs. Whatever your background and however knowledgeable you feel you are about contemporary drug issues, I guarantee that you will learn something unexpected and new from this valuable text.' - Joanne Neale, Professor of Public Health, Oxford Brookes University Why do people take drugs? How do we understand moral panics? What is the relationship between drugs and violence? How do people's social positions influence their involvement in drug use? Insightful and illuminating, this book discusses drugs in social contexts. The authors bring together their different theoretical and practical backgrounds, offering a comprehensive and interdisciplinary introduction that opens up a wide scientific understanding moving beyond cultural myths and presuppositions. This is an invaluable reference source for students on criminology, sociology and social sciences programmes, as well as drug service practitioners such as drug workers, social workers and specialist nurses.
Medical

Textbook of Critical Care E-Book

Author: Jean-Louis Vincent

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 1744

View: 643

Textbook of Critical Care, by Drs. Jean-Louis Vincent, Edward Abraham, Frederick A. Moore, Patrick Kochanek, and Mitchell P. Fink, remains your best source on effective management of critically ill patients. This trusted reference - acclaimed for its success in bridging the gap between medical and surgical critical care - now features an even stronger focus on patient outcomes, equipping you with the proven, evidence-based guidance you need to successfully overcome a full range of practice challenges. Inside, you’ll find totally updated coverage of vital topics, such as coagulation and apoptosis in certain critical care illnesses, such as acute lung injury and adult respiratory distress syndrome; sepsis and other serious infectious diseases; specific organ dysfunction and failure; and many other vital topics. At www.expertconsult.com you can access the complete contents of the book online, rapidly searchable, with regular updates plus new videos that demonstrate how to perform key critical care procedures. The result is an even more indispensable reference for every ICU. Access the complete contents of the book online at www.expertconsult.com, rapidly searchable, and stay current for years to come with regular online updates. Practice with confidence by consulting with a "who’s who" of global experts on every facet of critical care medicine. Implement today’s most promising, evidence-based care strategies with an enhanced focus on patient outcomes. Effectively apply the latest techniques and approaches with totally updated coverage of the importance of coagulation and apoptosis in certain critical care illnesses, such as acute lung injury and adult respiratory distress syndrome; sepsis and other serious infectious diseases; specific organ dysfunction and failure; and many other vital topics. See how to perform key critical care procedures by watching a wealth of new videos online. Focus on the practical guidance you need with the aid of a new, more templated format in which basic science content has been integrated within clinical chapters, and all procedural content has been streamlined for online presentation and paired with videos.