Here is a vividly written and compact overview of the brilliant, flawed, and quarrelsome group of lawyers, politicians, merchants, military men, and clergy known as the "Founding Fathers"--who got as close to the ideal of the Platonic "philosopher-kings" as American or world history has ever seen. In The Founding Fathers Reconsidered, R. B. Bernstein reveals Washington, Franklin, Jefferson, Adams, Hamilton, and the other founders not as shining demigods but as imperfect human beings--people much like us--who nevertheless achieved political greatness. They emerge here as men who sought to transcend their intellectual world even as they were bound by its limits, men who strove to lead the new nation even as they had to defer to the great body of the people and learn with them the possibilities and limitations of politics. Bernstein deftly traces the dynamic forces that molded these men and their contemporaries as British colonists in North America and as intellectual citizens of the Atlantic civilization's Age of Enlightenment. He analyzes the American Revolution, the framing and adoption of state and federal constitutions, and the key concepts and problems--among them independence, federalism, equality, slavery, and the separation of church and state--that both shaped and circumscribed the founders' achievements as the United States sought its place in the world.
Quicklets: Your Reading Sidekick! ABOUT THE BOOK The founding fathers can mean something different to everyone: for many of us, theyre a subject best left in our eleventh grade high school history class. For others, the founding fathers are demigods of democracy. Still others view the founders as idolized symbols of an idealistic government that exists only in WWII Nationalist Propaganda or Captain America blockbusters. R.B. Bernsteins book, The Founding Fathers Reconsidered, asks us to open our minds to a completely different (and somewhat scandalous) option: that the founding fathers were human. The book looks in detail at the hidden objectives, underlying goals, and twisting power plays that made up the American Revolution, the War of 1812 (often referred to as the Second War for Independence), and the creation of the government of the newborn nation. His research reveals the strengths of such near-mythological figures as George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin to name a few. More importantly, he reveals the often glossed-over weaknesses that time (and overly-glorified school textbooks) have erased from the character study of the founders. MEET THE AUTHOR Laura Rensing is a writer and performer who occasionally has difficulty distinguishing fact from her pet fire-breathing dragon. A graduate of UC Irvine with dual degrees in Drama and Comparative Literature, Lauras experience onstage and on paper has given her a unique world view that allows her to move from present day politics to medieval literature at the drop of a pen. Dont let her frivolous tone fool you: her analysis of Public Sphere Theory in social media during the 2008 Presidential Election as well as her experience in local start-ups reveal that her critical thinking can be as daring as Lady Gagas latest Grammy appearance. EXCERPT FROM THE BOOK Its easy to imagine the American Revolution as one big Boston Tea Party, in which all the colonists were eager participants. However, the reality is that the revolution was unpopular on both sides of the pond, and one-third of the colonists did not fight for the patriots. In fact, there were more American colonists fighting with the British than against them. Even the most courageous of the founders were more interested in preserving good relations between the colonies in England. According to historical record, many of the early so-called patriots had anything but a revolution in mind at the start of the ruckus. In fact, Colonial protest started out as simple complaints to Parliament not a direct attack on the monarchy (though England felt it to be so). Most of the colonialists thought fondly of England and enjoyed the status of their connection to the Great Empire including the founders. Benjamin Franklin used his status as a distinguished inventor and scientist (having just successfully performed his experiment with lightning) to establish himself in British politics, and lived in London for seven years, while John Adams wore... Buy a copy to keep reading! CHAPTER OUTLINE R. B. Bernstein's The Founding Fathers Reconsidered + About the Book + About the Author + Meet the Founders + Overall Summary + ...and much more
Founding Fathers of the United States by Richard B. Bernstein
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject History - America, grade: 5,00, Warsaw University (English Philology), course: V, language: English, abstract: This bachelor thesis examines George Washington and his identity and the questions whether he identified himself more as British or as American. In studying the Founding Fathers one should take into consideration a political elite however a more open one than those holding sway in Europe. Moreover that elite had to interact with the people during the Revolution and in the periods of the Consideration and the Early Republic. Although they may have sought to direct the course of events and they had to respond the changes coming from below as well as the changes of opinions among the people, who were increasingly willing to express their own views, and follow their own way. One of the most disturbing theme in the studies arising doubts on the disinterestedness of the Founding Fathers is highlighting clashes of ideals and interests between different levels of American society, which caused some „ordinary people” wondered whether the American victory in Revolution was a hollow triumph. For these reasons, reconsidering the Founding Fathers within their historical context depicts the evolution of American politics and democracy, complementing these groups previously excluded from historical studies. Another point which cannot be ignored in discussion on the Founding Fathers is that they attempted to order the world however not by force, but with words by creating and adopting a series of documentation related to political foundation: institutions, declarations, bills of rights, treaties and laws. John Adams called this period “the age of revolutions and constitutions. The possibilities and limitations of ordering the world with words is the theme described in their writings. It was the issue which gave hope but frequently caused the frustration. In this circumstances re-examining the Founding Fathers helps to recover the possibilities and purposes of political thought and action. Finally the Founding Fathers’ reconsideration makes it necessary to review the complex story of their historical reputations, both as members of the group and as individuals as well as their legacies within two hundred years since the Revolution.
By studying the negotiations which led to the conclusion of the original Treaty of Rome and the creation of the European Economic Community, this informative book, based on recently released archival sources, analyses the Franco-German bargain which shaped the Community's initial framework and policies. This is not just another book about Franco-German relations and the founding of the European Union. It presents a new theoretical framework which relates the founding of the European Community to its later development. An attempt to apply the ideational framework of the original Community to later developments, such as the single market and the Treaty on European Union, finds that the Union is still shaped by many of the ideas of the founding fathers. Birthmarks of Europe will be useful to teachers and students of the history and politics of the European Union, as well as to those studying the dynamics of the development of other regional integration networks.
A major new biography of the fourth president of the United States by New York Times bestselling author Lynne Cheney Lin-Manuel Miranda's play "Hamilton" has reignited interest in the founding fathers; it features James Madison among its vibrant cast of characters. This majestic new biography of James Madison explores the astonishing story of a man of vaunted modesty who audaciously changed the world. Among the Founding Fathers, Madison was a true genius of the early republic. Outwardly reserved, Madison was the intellectual driving force behind the Constitution and crucial to its ratification. His visionary political philosophy and rationale for the union of states—so eloquently presented in The Federalist papers—helped shape the country Americans live in today. Along with Thomas Jefferson, Madison would found the first political party in the country’s history—the Democratic Republicans. As Jefferson’s secretary of state, he managed the Louisiana Purchase, doubling the size of the United States. As president, Madison led the country in its first war under the Constitution, the War of 1812. Without precedent to guide him, he would demonstrate that a republic could defend its honor and independence—and remain a republic still.
The key to understanding America's 16th president comes not from dense biographic detail but directly from his own writings. Abraham Lincoln was a master of the English Language and his perspective on the American constitution, the Civil War and slavery can be easily pinpointed in his concise letters and addresses. Inside this book you will find: *A brief biography of Lincoln *Chronologically arranged excerpts of his writings and speeches, including the Gettysburg Address and Fragments on Slavery *Examples of his wit and wisdom from private memoranda *Cartoons and portraits of the time that throw light on the events he was involved in These extracts reveal Lincoln talents not only as a politician but as a philosopher, who approached practical politics with a keen observance of the larger questions they posed. For this reason, the wisdom of his writings reach beyond their historical context and have rich applications to the modern world. All content has been selected by Richard Bernstein, an outstanding authority on US history and the American Constitution, and each piece of writing is prefaced with explanatory notes. This beautifully illustrated volume is presented in a handsome slipcase and makes a truly wonderful gift.
"[Fifteen scholars examine the life and thought of Paul Oskar Kristeller (1905-1999) to uncover the relationship between the man and his interpretation of Renaissance humanism and its relation to intellectual and cultural life]"--Provided by publisher.
"With a full bibliography of Hook's works and reviews of them, plus an afterword by Richard Rorty, this collection of essays presents a reassessment of one of the United States' most misunderstood public philosophers and will make provocative reading for anyone interested in the intellectual history of the cold war and the complex socio-politics of the twentieth century."--Jacket.
A contributor to "U.S. News & World Report's" Web site examines 15 major decisions of the presidency and the stories behind them. He brings the presidency and its big decisions to life with his unique storytelling and highlights the lessons to be learned.
The First Republic and A. Lincoln is an exercise in intellectual history. The topics discussed in the book are among the most argumentative in the study of American histroy. Combined with a simple-minded view of history,The First Republic and A. Lincoln will not present “new” facts, instead will focus on new scholarship.