Language Arts & Disciplines

Logical Structure and Linguistic Structure

Author: C-T James Huang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 287

View: 518

In comparative syntax a general approach has been pursued over the past decade predicated on the notion that Universal Grammar allows of open parameters, and that part of the job of linguistic theory is to specify what values these parameters may have, and how they may be set, given primary linguistic data, to determine the grammars of particu lar languages. The papers presented in this volume are also concerned with language variation understood in this way. Their goals, however, do not strictly fall under the rubric of comparative syntax, but form part of what is more properly thought of as a comparative semantics. Semantics, in its broadest sense, is concerned with how linguistic structures are associated with their truth-conditions. A comparative semantics, therefore, is concerned with whether this association can vary from language to language, and if so, what is the cause of this variation. Taking comparative semantics in this way places certain inherent limitations on the search for the sources of variability. This is because the semantic notion of truth is universal, and does not vary from language to language: Sentences either do or do not accurately characterize what they purport to describe. ! The source of semantic variability, therefore, must be somehow located in the way a language is structured.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Syntactic Structures

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 135

View: 910

Language Arts & Disciplines

The Emergence of the Modern Language Sciences: Historiographical perspectives

Author: Sheila M. Embleton

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 367

View: 170

Although it is widely thought that structural linguistics began abruptly with the publication of Saussure's 'revolutionary' "Course in General Linguistics," the work of E. F. K. Koerner has demonstrated that Saussure, for all his originality, remained true to the basic tenets of his 19th-century predecessors. In this volume, the development of modern linguistics before, during and after Saussure is traced in 20 studies honouring the scholar who has done more than anyone else to professionalize linguistic historiography during the last quarter century. Among the wide range of topics covered are: grammar and philosophy in the age of comparativism, the relation of Saussure's anagram studies to his theory of the linguistic sign, nationalist overtones in German linguistics from 1914 to 1945, and the true story (with newly discovered documentation) of why Chomsky's "Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory" didn't get published during the 1950s or 60s. In addition to an introductory overview of Koerner's career and a complete listing of his publications, the volume includes previously unpublished materials from Saussure's notebooks.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Ideology and Linguistic Theory

Author: John A. Goldsmith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 200

View: 547

In The Ideological Structure of Linguistic Theory Geoffrey J. Huck and John A. Goldsmith provide a revisionist account of the development of ideas about semantics in modern theories of language, focusing particularly on Chomsky's very public rift with the Generative Semanticists about the concept of Deep Structure.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Ideology and Linguistic Theory

Author: John A. Goldsmith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 200

View: 522

In The Ideological Structure of Linguistic Theory Geoffrey J. Huck and John A. Goldsmith provide a revisionist account of the development of ideas about semantics in modern theories of language, focusing particularly on Chomsky's very public rift with the Generative Semanticists about the concept of Deep Structure.
Language Arts & Disciplines

The Emergence of the Modern Language Sciences

Author: Sheila M. Embleton

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 367

View: 705

Although it is widely thought that structural linguistics began abruptly with the publication of Saussure's 'revolutionary' "Course in General Linguistics," the work of E. F. K. Koerner has demonstrated that Saussure, for all his originality, remained true to the basic tenets of his 19th-century predecessors. In this volume, the development of modern linguistics before, during and after Saussure is traced in 20 studies honouring the scholar who has done more than anyone else to professionalize linguistic historiography during the last quarter century. Among the wide range of topics covered are: grammar and philosophy in the age of comparativism, the relation of Saussure's anagram studies to his theory of the linguistic sign, nationalist overtones in German linguistics from 1914 to 1945, and the true story (with newly discovered documentation) of why Chomsky's "Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory" didn't get published during the 1950s or 60s. In addition to an introductory overview of Koerner's career and a complete listing of his publications, the volume includes previously unpublished materials from Saussure's notebooks.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Syntactic Structures

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 117

View: 647

Noam Chomsky's first book on syntactic structures is one of the first serious attempts on the part of a linguist to construct within the tradition of scientific theory-construction a comprehensive theory of language which may be understood in the same sense that a chemical, biological theory is understood by experts in those fields. It is not a mere reorganization of the data into a new kind of library catalogue, nor another specualtive philosophy about the nature of man and language, but rather a rigorus explication of our intuitions about our language in terms of an overt axiom system, the theorems derivable from it, explicit results which may be compared with new data and other intuitions, all based plainly on an overt theory of the internal structure of languages; and it may well provide an opportunity for the application of explicity measures of simplicity to decide preference of one form over another form of grammar.
Foreign Language Study

Current Trends in Linguistic Theory

Author: Ricardo MAIRAL USÓN

Publisher: Editorial UNED

ISBN:

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 316

View: 319

Introducción a los últimos avances en los principales modelos lingüísticos actuales, es decir, la Gramática Generativa, la Gramática del Papel y la Referencia, la Lingüística Sistémico-Funcional y la Gramática Cognitiva. Libro especialmente diseñado para los alumnos de la asignatura Modelos Teóricos Descriptivos de la Lengua Inglesa de la Licenciatura de Filología Inglesa de la UNED.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Linguistic Theory

Author: Robert De Beaugrande

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 412

View: 317

In Linguistic Theory, Robert de Beaugrande analyses linguistic theories not as abstract ideas or theses, but as the process and product of theoretical discourse. He argues that the best documentation of this discourse can be found in the 'fundamental' works of major linguists from Ferdinand de Saussure to Teun van Dijk and Walter Kintsch. He therefore employs the highly unusual strategy of a close reading of these works as discourse performances and strives to uncover their main points and characteristic moves in the linguist's own words. Through this approach, the reader is able to appreciate and understand the variety and controversy among linguistic theories as they have emerged and developed in interaction with each other. Special scrutiny is allocated to the issue of how far the active practice of the linguists followed their own theories and proposals, and why. The author concludes by assessing the prospects for linguistics to be drawn from the retrospect in the previous chapters.
Language Arts & Disciplines

The Emergence of the Modern Language Sciences

Author: Sheila Embleton

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 310

View: 621

Although it is widely thought that structural linguistics began abruptly with the publication of Saussure's 'revolutionary' Course in General Linguistics, the work of E. F. K. Koerner has demonstrated that Saussure, for all his originality, remained true to the basic tenets of his 19th-century predecessors. In this volume, the development of modern linguistics before, during and after Saussure is traced in 20 studies honouring the scholar who has done more than anyone else to professionalize linguistic historiography during the last quarter century. Among the wide range of topics covered are: grammar and philosophy in the age of comparativism, the relation of Saussure's anagram studies to his theory of the linguistic sign, nationalist overtones in German linguistics from 1914 to 1945, and the true story (with newly discovered documentation) of why Chomsky's Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory didn't get published during the 1950s or 60s. In addition to an introductory overview of Koerner's career and a complete listing of his publications, the volume includes previously unpublished materials from Saussure's notebooks.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Sanctius' Theory of Language

Author: Manuel Breva-Claramonte

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 294

View: 805

This volume presents the main tenets of Sanctius linguistic theory and explores the questions raised by Robin Lakoff in her 1969 review of the "Grammaire generale et raisonnee (Port Royal)." Part I surveys earlier developments in the study of language, in particular the Graeco-Roman and Medieval traditions, the Renaissance period, and Judaeo-Arabic scholarship. Part II contains a synopsis in English of Sanctius "Minerva," placing special emphasis on theoretical passages and illustrative data. Part III is devoted to Sanctius linguistic doctrine: (1) his philosophical approach to language analysis, (2) his notion of logical structure and rule, (3) his classification of the parts of speech, and (4) his basic semantic postulates.