This controversial new book describes how human behaviour - thoughts, emotions, actions and mental health - can be largely explained if we understand how people make sense of their world and how that framework of understanding has been learned. In this ground-breaking book, Peter Kinderman, presents a simple, but radical new model of mental well-being. Published following the publication of the new edition of the controversial, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, the author challenges notions such as 'mental illness' and 'abnormal psychology' as old-fashioned, demeaning and invalid, and argues that diagnoses such as 'depression' and 'schizophrenia' are unhelpful. Kinderman argues that one consequence of our current obsession with a medical approach to human well-being and distress, is that human problems are too often merely diagnosed and treated, rather than understood. Witten by an expert in his field, and accessible to all those interested in and affected by mental health issues, The New Laws of Psychology will change the way we define mental illness forever.
For more than 30 years, numerous independent reviewers, student advice writers and even competitors have heralded HERGENHAHN'S AN INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY as the best in the field--and for good reason. It was the first History of Psychology text to include basic pedagogy--elements such as summaries and study questions that several current alternatives still lack. It engages students with interesting biographical tidbits--the fun facts that readers fondly remember after other details fade. Grounded in original source material and contemporary scholarship, the book provides breadth and depth of analysis unrivaled by works of similar length. In the eighth edition, author Tracy Henley continues to demonstrate that most of the concerns of contemporary psychologists are manifestations of themes that have been part of Psychology for hundreds--or even thousands--of years. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
This SpringerBrief provides an interdisciplinary synthesis based on psychology, logic, mathematics, cognitive science, and the history of science. It presents psychology as a science that suffers from a reduced understanding of the most fundamental logic in our practical-bodily encounters with the world, including with our fellow human beings. The Brief offers a new “dual” logic that is based on the duality between identification and description of objects, including persons. The Brief ties in modern mathematics as a tool that can be used to catch this duality in a precise manner. Featured topics in this Brief include: The emergence of Mechanism. The duality in animal and human subject-object relations. Psychology’s compatibility with natural sciences. Four cornerstones of modern mathematics. The Extensional Method. A New Logical Foundation for Psychology will be of interest to psychologist, philosophers, and mathematicians concerned with basic theoretical and methodological problems.
The past twenty years have witnessed a surge in behavioral studies of law and law-related issues. These studies have challenged the application of the rational-choice model to legal analysis and introduced a more accurate and empirically grounded model of human behavior. This integration of economics, psychology, and law is breaking exciting new ground in legal theory and the social sciences, shedding a new light on age-old legal questions as well as cutting edge policy issues. The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and Law brings together leading scholars of law, psychology, and economics to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of this field of research, including its strengths and limitations as well as a forecast of its future development. Its 29 chapters organized in four parts. The first part provides a general overview of behavioral economics. The second part comprises four chapters introducing and criticizing the contribution of behavioral economics to legal theory. The third part discusses specific behavioral phenomena, their ramifications for legal policymaking, and their reflection in extant law. Finally, the fourth part analyzes the contribution of behavioral economics to fifteen legal spheres ranging from core doctrinal areas such as contracts, torts and property to areas such as taxation and antitrust policy.
The book is intended for those who feel that the science of psychology needs a concept that integrates the current thinking schools.The author, a European psychologist active in HR consulting, has developed a thinking frame, a paradigm, that is independent of current research schools, but which integrates in a simple model existing results and theories of psychology.The book contains formal and visual descriptions of the suggested model, as well as independent articles that use this model in everyday life, dealing with phenomena including problem solving, altruism, aggression, sex, and religion.Although elements of this concept are already known, to enable a better understanding of this new perspective on human beings, the book contains many illustrations and easy-to-understand examples. In this way the book can reach every person who is interested in social sciences and who would like to improve their understanding of our selves, as well as psychologists and scientists in this field.
In The New Psychology by Charles F. Haanel, the author of the Master Key System, you will learn how to unlock the power of positive thinking. Haanel believe that if you learn to think in a certain way than success can be yours. The New Psychology is an important self help book by one of the most important self help authors ever. Without Haanel we would never have had The Secret or The Power of Positive Thinking.
Activity theory holds that the human mind is the product of our interaction with people and artifacts in the context of everyday activity. Acting with Technology makes the case for activity theory as a basis for understanding our relationship with technology. Victor Kaptelinin and Bonnie Nardi describe activity theory's principles, history, relationship to other theoretical approaches, and application to the analysis and design of technologies. The book provides the first systematic entry-level introduction to the major principles of activity theory. It describes the accumulating body of work in interaction design informed by activity theory, drawing on work from an international community of scholars and designers. Kaptelinin and Nardi examine the notion of the object of activity, describe its use in an empirical study, and discuss key debates in the development of activity theory. Finally, they outline current and future issues in activity theory, providing a comparative analysis of the theory and its leading theoretical competitors within interaction design: distributed cognition, actor-network theory, and phenomenologically inspired approaches.
In attempting to understand and explain various behaviour, events, and phenomena in their field, psychologists have developed and enunciated an enormous number of ‘best guesses’ or theories concerning the phenomenon in question. Such theories involve speculations and statements that range on a potency continuum from ‘strong’ to ‘weak’. The term theory, itself, has been conceived of in various ways in the psychological literature. In the present dictionary, the strategy of lumping together all the various traditional descriptive labels regarding psychologists ‘best guesses’ under the single descriptive term theory has been adopted. The descriptive labels of principle, law, theory, model, paradigm, effect, hypothesis and doctrine are attached to many of the entries, and all such descriptive labels are subsumed under the umbrella term theory. The title of this dictionary emphasizes the term theory (implying both strong and weak best guesses) and is a way of indication, overall, the contents of this comprehensive dictionary in a parsimonious and felicitous fashion. The dictionary will contain approximately 2,000 terms covering the origination, development, and evolution of various psychological concepts, as well as the historical definition, analysis, and criticisms of psychological concepts. Terms and definitions are in English. *Contains over 2,000 terms covering the origination, development and evolution of various psychological concepts *Covers a wide span of theories, from auditory, cognitive tactile and visual to humor and imagery *An essential resource for psychologists needing a single-source quick reference