Biological diversity, or 'biodiversity', refers to the variety of all life on earth, and the complex relationships among living things, and between living things and their environment. Biodiversity includes genetic variety, species diversity, and variability in communities, ecosystems and landscapes. Biodiversity sustains the environments in which we live and on which our lives and those of every other living creature on Earth depend. Thanks to biodiversity, we are able to obtain such necessary goods as food, clothing, medicine, and fuel. Equally important are the ecosystem services that biodiversity provides, such as clean air and drinkable water. Conservation scientists have identified a number of universal threats to biodiversity: habitat loss and degradation, invasive species, pollution, overpopulation, overexploitation and consumption, and global climate change. This new book examines critical issues in this field from researchers around the globe.
This book focuses on biological diversity, or "biodiversity", which refers to the variety of all life on earth, and the complex relationships among living things, and between living things and their environment. Biodiversity includes genetic variety, species diversity, and variability in communities, ecosystems and landscapes. Biodiversity sustains the environments in which we live and on which our lives and those of every other living creature on Earth depend. Thanks to biodiversity, we are able to obtain such necessary goods as food, clothing, medicine, and fuel. Equally important are the ecosystem services that biodiversity provides, such as clean air and drinkable water. Conservation scientists have identified a number of universal threats to biodiversity: habitat loss and degradation, invasive species, pollution, overpopulation, overexploitation and consumption, and global climate change.
This book, the first in the “Wildlife Research Monograph” series, defines “wildlife research” in a variety of contexts and reviews recent research trends. The authors present the current developments they have identified using bibliometric analyses of the most common, relevant and emerging topics in wildlife research over the last three decades. Diverse aspects of wildlife research are discussed, including wildlife demography, infections spread between wildlife, livestock and humans, habitat requirements and management, as well as the effects of renewable energy and pollutants on wildlife. Furthermore the authors explore topics like advances in the study of species distribution, invasive species, use of molecular markers in wildlife studies and the sustainability of wildlife exploitation and conservation conflicts. The book offers a comprehensive overview of advances in wildlife research in the last decades.
Biological diversity is important for ecosystem function and services, which in turn is essential for human well-being. Under the Convention on Biological Diversity, international efforts have been made to achieve a significant reduction in the current rate of biodiversity loss. The loss continues, however. The Asia-Pacific region includes both developing countries with high biodiversity and developed countries with sophisticated data collection and analyses, but only limited information about the status quo of biodiversity in this region has been available. Many Asia-Pacific countries have rapidly grown their economies and social infrastructures, causing a loss of biodiversity and requiring an urgent mandate to achieve a balance between development and conservation in the region. In December 2009, scientists successfully organized the Asia-Pacific Biodiversity Observation Network in the region, to establish a network for research and monitoring of ecosystems and biodiversity and to build a cooperative framework. The present volume is the first collection of information on biodiversity in the Asia-Pacific and represents a quantum step forward in science that optimizes the synergy between development and biodiversity conservation.
This is the first attempt to synthesize current understanding of biodiversity in the great European hot spot. A diverse group of international researchers offers perspective on biodiversity at the level of the gene, species and ecosystem, including contributions on temporal change. Biological groups include plants, mammals, spiders and humans, cave-dwelling organisms, fish, aquatic invertebrates and algae.
This book presents definitions, key concepts and projects in landscape research and related areas, such as landscape science and landscape ecology, addressing and characterising the international role, status, challenges, future and tools of landscape research in the globalised world of the 21st century. The book brings together views on landscapes from leading international teams and emerging authors from different scientific disciplines and regions of the globe. It describes approaches for achieving sustainability and for handling the multifunctionality of landscapes and includes international case studies demonstrating the great potential of landscape research to provide partial sustainable solutions while developing cultural landscapes and protecting semi-natural landscapes. It is intended for scientists from various disciplines as well as informed readers dealing with landscape policies, planning, evolvement, management, stewardship and conservation.
Comprehensive Remote Sensing covers all aspects of the topic, with each volume edited by well-known scientists and contributed to by frontier researchers. It is a comprehensive resource that will benefit both students and researchers who want to further their understanding in this discipline. The field of remote sensing has quadrupled in size in the past two decades, and increasingly draws in individuals working in a diverse set of disciplines ranging from geographers, oceanographers, and meteorologists, to physicists and computer scientists. Researchers from a variety of backgrounds are now accessing remote sensing data, creating an urgent need for a one-stop reference work that can comprehensively document the development of remote sensing, from the basic principles, modeling and practical algorithms, to various applications. Fully comprehensive coverage of this rapidly growing discipline, giving readers a detailed overview of all aspects of Remote Sensing principles and applications Contains ‘Layered content’, with each article beginning with the basics and then moving on to more complex concepts Ideal for advanced undergraduates and academic researchers Includes case studies that illustrate the practical application of remote sensing principles, further enhancing understanding
This book Trends in Wildlife Biodiversity and Conservation and Management has been edited in two volume, on most important aspects of wildlife. It contain 32 chapter contributed by many eminent scientists, officers and teachers from India and United Kingdom. Volume 1 contains information on the topics namely: Status of wildlife management in India, Karnataka, Bhadra wild life sanctuary in the Western Ghats, Parental care in asiatic elephants, Territory protection and scent marking in big cats, Child lifting wolves, Medicinal smuggling for tiger bones, Acoustic communication in anurans, Conflicts between man and elephants, Protection strategies for migratory birds, Mugger crocodiles of Dandell WLS, and Ornamental orchids of India. The Volume 2 comprises information on Basic concepts of biodiversity, Biodiversity of Drosophila, Ants in the Western Ghats, Biodiversity of hillstream fishes of Srinagar Garhwal-Himalaya, Medicinal plants of Western Ghats, Ecology of endangered Gangaitic dolphin, Problems and perspective of avian and vertebrate pest management, Deforestation problems in Santhal Pargana, Siberian cranes, Bird census methods and Role of Zoo s National Parks and Sanctuaries in the conservation and management of wildlife in India. These books apart from providing good references, these also serve as a guide and inspire future research on wildlife. The students, teachers, scientists and forest officers are expected to find this as a very useful source, in the field of wildlife studies. Vol 1 Chapter 1: Status of Wildlife Management in India: An Overview by B B Hosetti and Gina Caplen, Chapter 2: Wildlife Management in Karnataka: An Appraisal by Venkateshwarlu, M, Chapter 3: Conservation and Management of Wildlife in Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka by Gina Caplen and Frost S, Chapter 4: Capative Breeding of Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus): The Importance of Producing Socially Competent Animals by Paul A Rees, Chapter 5: Scent Marketing by Big Cats: Chemical Communication and Eco-ethological Implications by R L Brahmachari, Chapter 6: Child Lifting Wolves in India: A Strategy for Their Management and Control by Kishan Singh Rajpurohit, Chapter 7: Prospects and Perspectives of Project Tiger in India by B B Hosetti and B C Somanath, Chapter 8: Acoustic Communication in Indian Anurans by Ravishankar D Kanamadi, Chapter 9: Conflicts Between Man and Elephants by B B Hosetti, Chapter 10: Conservation and Management Strategy for the Water Flows of Minor Irrigation Tank Habitats and Their Importance as Stopover Sites in Dharwad District by J C Uttangi, Chapter 11: The Re-introduction of the Wolf (Canis lupus) and the Beaver (Castor fiber) into Scotland by Arjuna Korale and Stan Frost, Chapter 12: Ecology of Marsh Crocodile Crocodylus palustris in the Kali River of Western Ghat, Dandeli, Karnataka by S Basavarajappa, Chapter 13: Eco Biology of Weaver Brid Ploceus philippinus in the Western Ghat Area of B R Project by K L Naik and B B Hosetti, Chapter 14: Eco-ornithological Studies on Gudavi Bird Sanctuary Shimoga, Karnataka by B B Hosetti, Somanath B C and K L Naik, Chapter 15: Eco-biology of a Pentatomid Bug Cyclopelta cissifolia W. by B B Hosetti and Naveed A, Chapter 16: Ecology and Widlife Status of Orchids by Sulabha Phatak. Vol II Chapter 17: Biodiversity: An Introduction by Arvind N A and Dinesh Rao, Chapter 18: Biodiversity and Conservation of Ants: An Overview by T M Musthak Ali and A K Chakravarthy, Chapter 19: Biodiversity of Drosophila of South India by Hegde S N, Vasudev V and M S Krishna, Chapter 20: Biodiversity in Hillstream Fishes of Garhwal Himalaya: Their Food and Feeding Behaviour by N Singh and R Subbaraj, Chapter 21: Biodiversity of Threatened Species of Medicinal Plants in India: An Appraisal by P E Rajasekharan, Chapter 22: Ethological Studies of Dolpin (Platinista gangaitica) with Reference to Conservation Strategies by Arvind Kumar and A K Singh, Chapter 23: Impact of Deforestation on Wildlife Resources and their Conservation in Santal Pargana of Jharkhand Pradesh by P K Verma and Arvind Kumar, Chapter 24: Vertebrate Pest Management in Karnataka by A K Chakravarthy, Chapter 25: Shifting Cultivation (Jhooming) and Wildife Conservation: A Case Study from North-East India by A K Gupta, Chapter 26: Bird Depredation and Management in Karnataka by A K Chakravarthy, Chapter 27: Dooming Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary (MBS) Karnataka by M Venkteshwarlu and D C Savita, Chapter 28: The Conflicts Between Man and Birds by B B Hosetti and M B Nadoni, Chapter 29: Siberian Crane: Whether It Will Survive in the Next Century? by B H Bhaghya, Chapter 30: Bird Counting Methods by D S Sunil, Chapter 31: Glimpses of Earthworm Bioresources of India by G Tripathi and Poonam Bhardwaj, Chapter 32: Role of Indian Zoos, National Parks and Sanctuaries for Conservation of Some Wild Mammals by A Chakrabarthy, G R Saha and A K Panigrahi.
Biodiversity: Structure and Function is a component of Encyclopedia of Environmental and Ecological Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Biodiversity: Structure and Function discusses matters of great relevance to our world such as: Characterization of Biodiversity; Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning; Spatial and Temporal Dimensions of Biodiversity Dynamics; Evolutionary and Genetic Aspects of Biodiversity; Biodiversity Monitoring, Assessment, Data Management, and Indicators; The Value of Biodiversity; Halting Biodiversity Loss: Fundamentals and Latest Trends of Conservation Science and Action; Application of Ecological Knowledge to Habitat Restoration. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.
An interdisciplinary research unit consisting of 30 teams in the natural, economic and social sciences analyzed biodiversity and ecosystem services of a mountain rainforest ecosystem in the hotspot of the tropical Andes, with special reference to past, current and future environmental changes. The group assessed ecosystem services using data from ecological field and scenario-driven model experiments, and with the help of comparative field surveys of the natural forest and its anthropogenic replacement system for agriculture. The book offers insights into the impacts of environmental change on various service categories mentioned in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005): cultural, regulating, supporting and provisioning ecosystem services. Examples focus on biodiversity of plants and animals including trophic networks, and abiotic/biotic parameters such as soils, regional climate, water, nutrient and sediment cycles. The types of threats considered include land use and climate changes, as well as atmospheric fertilization. In terms of regulating and provisioning services, the emphasis is primarily on water regulation and supply as well as climate regulation and carbon sequestration. With regard to provisioning services, the synthesis of the book provides science-based recommendations for a sustainable land use portfolio including several options such as forestry, pasture management and the practices of indigenous peoples. In closing, the authors show how they integrated the local society by pursuing capacity building in compliance with the CBD-ABS (Convention on Biological Diversity - Access and Benefit Sharing), in the form of education and knowledge transfer for application.