Full of examples based on case studies from a variety of industries, Computer Simulated Plant Design for Waste Minimization/Pollution Prevention discusses preventing pollution and minimizing waste using computer simulation programs. The author examines the computer technologies used in the field, including the design and analysis of computer-aided flow sheets. With this book, readers will understand how to use computer technology to design plants that generate little or no pollution and how to use information generated by computer simulations for technical data in proposals and presentations and as the basis for making policy decisions.
The third edition of this well-received textbook delivers a concise overview of global and individual environmental pollution for undergraduate courses, presenting students with the tools to assess environmental issues. With more than thirty percent new material, Hill assesses pollution from an international perspective, including air and water pollution, global warming, energy, solid and hazardous waste, and pollution at home. Both the sources and impacts of pollution are addressed, as well as governmental, corporate, and personal responsibility for pollution, and pollution prevention is emphasized throughout. Non-technical language encourages greater understanding of these often complex issues, and thought-provoking 'Delving Deeper' exercises are included, increasing engagement with the text and enabling students to apply what they have learned. A new chapter on the chemistry basics of pollution links to sections on toxicology and risk assessment, helping students understand concerns over chemicals and their regulation. An essential review of environmental pollution for environmental science students.
Electronic and electric waste (e-waste), defined as end-of-life electronic products, including computers, television sets, mobile phones, transformers, capacitors, wires and cables, are a major global environmental concern. The crude recycling of e-waste releases persistent toxic substances, such as heavy metals, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and the environmental pollution and health risks caused by the improper disposal of e-waste has become an urgent issue. This book offers an overview of e-waste history, sources, and entry routes in soil, air, water and sediment. It also addresses e-waste transport and fate, bioavailability and biomonitoring, e-waste risk assessment, impacts on the environment and public health. In addition, it discusses the impact of e-waste on soil microbial community diversity, structure and function and reviews the treatment and management strategies, such as bioremediation and phytoremediation, as well as policies and future challenges. Given its scope, it is a valuable resource for students, researchers and scholars in the field of electronics manufacturing, environmental science and engineering, toxicology, environmental biotechnology, soil sciences and microbial ecology, as well as and plant biotechnology.
This book aims at meeting the needs of students pursuing courses in a wide range of disciplines such as biology, geography, geology, agriculture, medicine, environment, public health engineering, at colleges, traditional and agricultural universities and institutes of technology. Many of the complex environmental issues facing society today are mentioned briefly but the focus is on environmental and air pollution, wastes and their management.
This book addresses a pollution hazard prevalent in most cities and large towns world-wide by providing an understanding of the scientific and technical control of the landfill method of domestic and non-domestic waste disposal, considered within the framework of integrated waste management. Landfill disposal is practised world-wide, and is cheap and convenient but, if poorly managed, poses a serious threat to the environment. This pollution threat is a source of concern to regulating authorities and environmental pressure groups. This comprehensive text reflects the authority of the author’s considerable experience in assessment and remediation of landfill sites, which he has taught in post-graduate courses on hazardous waste management, and in running international programmes on waste and contaminated land-related subjects for industry. Dr. Westlake’s expertise also reflects his work in association with the Environmental Safety Centre at the Harwell Laboratory. Featuring the microbial degradation of waste within landfills, with an understanding of hazards associated with the production, migration and control of landfill gas and leachate, the book also points to the benefits to be obtained from gas production. There is important discussion on the monitoring of potentially dangerous dormant sites, and much helpful advice on trouble shooting. The text is set in the context of regulatory controls and assesses their impact, while at the same time looking at the way forward for waste disposal by landfill. There is coverage of legislative requirements and constraints including those from the European Union reflecting official attitudes. There is growing international consensus that EU regulations can be interpreted and applied as a benchmark in relation to legal practices and attitudes in all countries throughout the world Addresses a pollution hazard prevalent in most cities and large towns world-wide Provides an understanding of the scientific and technical control of the landfill method of domestic and non-domestic waste disposal, considered within the framework of integrated waste management Provides an important discussion on the monitoring of potentially dangerous dormant sites
This nuts and bolts book addresses specific waste minimization and pollution prevention techniques that work in specific types of laboratories for specific wastestreams. Concepts in the book may be directly applied to laboratory operations. In addition, the book illustrates other approaches to laboratory pollution prevention, such as reducing wastewater discharges and fume hood emissions. A wide range of waste types, including hazardous, infectious, medical, PCB, and radioactive, are discussed. This book helps you to develop a broad, institutional framework to plan and set priorities for pollution prevention. It responds to your laboratory's critical need to have readily available techniques and concepts for waste minimization and pollution prevention.
As the field of environmental management moves into the future, its focus will be on reducing or eliminating waste pollution streams. Engineers, technicians, and maintenance personnel must develop proficiency and improved understanding of pollution prevention and waste control to cope with the challenges of this important area. Pollution Prevention: The Waste Management Approach to the 21st Century covers - in a thorough and clear style - the fundamentals of pollution prevention and their application to real-world problems. The book is divided into three parts: Process and Plant Fundamentals, Pollution Prevention Principles, and Pollution Prevention Applications. Part one examines the general subject of process and plant fundamentals, equipment and calculation, process diagrams and economic considerations. Part two covers the broad subject of pollution prevention options, including chapters on source reduction, recycling, treatment methods, and ultimate disposal. Part three contains chapters devoted to specific industrial applications involving pollution prevention. The text is generously supplemented with illustrative examples. Applying pollution prevention strategies - the most viable environmental management option of the future - offers a more cost-effective means of minimizing the generation of waste. Pollution Prevention: The Waste Management Approach to the 21st Century provides the basic principles required for understanding not only pollution prevention but also waste control.
Pollution: Causes, Effects and Control is the fourth edition of a best-selling introductory level book dealing with chemical and radioactive pollution in its broadest sense. The scope of the book ranges from the sources of pollutants and their environmental behaviour, to their effects on human and non-human receptors, to the technologies and strategies available for control.The fourth edition has been wholly revised and updated from the previous edition due to the rapid pace of developments in this field. Topics covered include chemical pollution of freshwater and marine environments, drinking water quality, water pollution biology, sewage and its treatment, toxic wastes, air pollution and atmospheric chemistry, control of pollutant emissions, land contamination, solid waste management, clean technologies, persistent organic pollutants in the environment, environmental radioactivity, health effects of environmental chemicals, legal control of pollution and integrated pollution control. There is a completely new chapter on Clean Technologies and Industrial Ecology, reflecting the growing importance of pollution prevention as opposed to end-of-pipe solutions.Whilst originally intended as an introductory reference work for professionals within the field, the book has been widely adopted for teaching purposes at the undergraduate and postgraduate level.
"Details the legal, organizational, hierarchical, and environmental components of pollution prevention and waste reduction. Illustrates fundamental concepts of pollution prevention, including life-cycle planning and analysis, risk-based pollution control, and industrial ecology."
This book focuses on the treatment and disposal technology used for solid waste in China, puts forward an optimal management scheme that takes into account the complete lifecycle, and introduces a new technical model that reflects the synergies of resource utilization and secondary pollution control. In addition, it provides a set of methods for professional on-site investigation, risk assessment, classification management and control to minimize the risk of groundwater contamination by solid waste at landfill. Given the extent and depth of knowledge and experience gathered in the book, it offers an important reference guide for government managers, environmental researchers, and all those involved in and concerned about solid waste disposal.
Waste Reduction for Pollution Prevention discusses the philosophy, regulatory background, and technical options dealing with waste minimization. The book explains waste reduction as a form of pollution prevention to minimize the amount of hazardous materials dumped into the environment. The 1984 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act amendments restrict the amount of waste that can be disposed on land. The approach of the United States is to address pollution after the problem has been created, where attention and resources of industry shift to regulatory compliance. The text notes that waste reduction is the key to preventing future hazardous waste problems. Examples of techniques of waste minimization are good housekeeping, changes in technology and procedures, raw material substitution, recycling, and waste exchanges. The book discusses the biological, thermal, and other emerging thermal processes for industrial waste management, as well as municipal solid-waste recycling, and the organization of a recycling program. The text can benefit economists, environmentalists, urban developers, and policy makers involved in waste management, community preservation and development.
Issues in Global Environment—Pollution and Waste Management: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Waste Management Research. The editors have built Issues in Global Environment—Pollution and Waste Management: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Waste Management Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Global Environment—Pollution and Waste Management: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Marine Pollution and Marine Waste Disposal documents the proceedings of the 2nd International Congress held in San Remo on December 17-21, 1973. This book is divided into seven main topics—general problems of marine pollution; criteria for marine waste disposal; marine water quality problems; assessment in biological terms of the effects on marine environment; design of treatment and disposal systems; experience with marine waste disposal systems; and research on marine pollution. In these topics, this compilation specifically discusses the need for international cooperation in coastal resource quality management; criteria for marine waste disposal in Yugoslavia; viral pollution considerations in marine waste disposal; and major pollutants in the marine environment. The conceptual design of marine waste disposal systems; pollution of coastal waters in Italy; and Southern California coastal water research project findings are also covered. This publication is valuable to marine biologists and environmentalists concerned with marine pollution and waste disposal systems.
A practical view of environmental management, focusing on pollution control and waste management. It records the experience gained through Commonwealth Secretariat regional seminars conducted in Africa over several years. It uses real examples to illustrate the points made.
"This volume presents a collection of papers which, with perspectives from Africa and the Caribbean, raise critical issues in the management of solid waste. It is intended to offer a basis for discussion among the wide range of disciplines and sectors involved in solid waste management and suggest directions for future work in the theoretical and practical dimensions of the challenge with which developing countries are confronted"--Back cover.
Incineration: no other form of hazardous waste disposal has matched its efficiency at volume reduction, and the permanent destruction of organic wastes. That convenience may come at a price, as questions and concerns continue to surround the potential human health impacts and ecosystem effects allegedly caused by incineration. Hazardous Waste Incineration: Evaluating the Human Health and Environmental Risks addresses those concerns by summarizing recent research. Commissioned in part by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, this volume compiles reports and observations from specialists throughout the United States. Fourteen chapters respond to the key questions posed by the researchers: What is known about existing hazardous waste incinerators, and their impacts on human health? Can the impacts of a proposed facility be evaluated before it is built, and if so, how? What is the regulatory compliance record of existing commercial hazardous waste incinerators? What methods can be used to monitor a facility's impacts after it is built? Their response: the most complete treatment of the subject-a timely and controversial topic.